Sacsayhuaman Terrace Gateway

Sacsayhuaman Terrace Gateway

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Temescal Gateway Park

Temescal Canyon Conference and Retreat Center is nestled in a quiet canyon just east of the Pacific Palisades coastline and is bordered by the majestic Santa Monica Mountains. With its native plant landscape and a rich coastal wilderness you may witness the change of seasons in all of its colorful glory. Although the park is conveniently close to the city, its unparalleled natural beauty will make you feel as though you’ve entered another world.

A place of tranquil beauty, Temescal Gateway Park has a setting for any occasion. A favorite spot is Woodland Terrace, a wide field of lush green grass where children can run and play or large weddings may be held surrounded by trees. It is conveniently located close to Elizabeth Cheadle Hall which features a floor to ceiling slate fireplace, dark wood beams, and elegant Craftsman-style chandeliers. This lovely hall may be used for receptions, meetings, or simple dining. Best of all, there is a commercial kitchen available for catering use.

Historic Stewart Hall, located deeper in the canyon, was built as a chapel in the early 1900’s. It is an exquisite space with a 30-foot high pitched wood ceiling, a newly-installed hardwood floor and a carpeted stage. The two main walls of glass windows open out onto a garden of sycamore trees and flowers, bringing nature into the room.

Follow the path up the canyon to encounter another beautiful spot, a vast, grassy meadow shaded by native sycamores. In the early 1900’s, this area served as an outdoor auditorium for the Chautauqua Movement. Sycamore Valley is ideal for those who want a ceremony in totally natural surroundings with a scenic view of the mountains.

Temescal Gateway Park is a lovely sanctuary. Host an event here, and you will have a lifetime of memories.

Memo Stops the Presses

Regrettably, this is the last edition of the Mid-county Memo, the Gateway and Parkrose neighborhood newspaper. Publisher Tim Curran, left, and Executive Editor Rich Riegel are pictured in August 1991 just after Curran bought the paper from his employer Pry Publishing.

We announce with great sadness but also tremendous gratitude that January of 2019 will be the final edition of the Mid-county Memo.

The newspaper industry has seen scores of changes in the last 15 years. With rising expenses and declining income, it was evident a decision had to be made. After carefully considering options for the Memo’s future, it became clear that this was the step that had to be taken. My own proximity to retirement age tilted the decision.

The Memo’s website, social media and blog sites will remain active.

A little Memo history
Tom and Marcia Pry published the first issue of the Mid-county Memo in May 1985.

The Prys, whom have since passed away, owned and published seven neighborhood newspapers circulated throughout Portland in addition to a printing and graphics shop. Three papers are still published today: the St. Johns Review, the Sellwood Bee and the Hollywood Star.

In March 1988, the Prys hired me to sell advertising primarily for the Memo, but also for their other papers. In August 1991, when community newspaper journalism was profitable, I bought the Memo from the Prys.

Until this time, the Memo has been circulated at the first of the month by third-class mail and newsstands. We covered the Gateway and Parkrose neighborhoods. These neighborhoods were part of a much larger, unincorporated area of Multnomah County that stretched from 82nd Avenue east to Gresham city limits and from the Clackamas County line north to the Columbia River—colloquially called “Mid-county.” In the early 1980s, Portland annexed Mid-county. The area has since become known as “east Portland.”

Since its first edition, the Memo’s mission has been to provide a voice for the community by reporting news of the day, which we’re doing right up to the end. News stories provided substantive reporting and analysis based on facts, logic and reason. We hope the information helped readers seek practical solutions to problems affecting their neighborhoods. We tried never to tell readers how to think we only asked them to think.

The feature articles showcased people, groups and institutions that enrich our community. In addition, we tried to bring readers together by publishing event information, presenting local business news and playing a role as a sounding board for readers. Moreover, the Memo furnished an alternative advertising vehicle for local businesses to reach their neighbors.

If you’ve never worked at a newspaper, it’s likely hard to understand why leaving it is so difficult. Newspapers, however, attract talented and interesting people. This kind of work means that every day is somewhat unpredictable and exciting. I’ll profoundly miss it.

The Memo has been home to competent and dedicated editors, freelance reporters, contributors and copy editors. I thank them all for their hard work and dedication—not just to the publication but also to the field of journalism.

With no more monthly deadlines, the Currans will have more time for fun excursions like last summer’s rafting trip on the Clackamas River. While Tim falls overboard waving hello (help), Darlene is on the left, staying in the raft.

Department editors
Rich Riegel, who was the Memo’s managing editor in 1991, left Pry Publishing in 1991 to be the Memo’s first executive editor for eight years. Editors produced the monthly departments: Memo Calendar, Memo Pad, Business Memos and Letters to the Editor. In addition, Riegel did feature stories and hard news reporting. Riegel returned for a time in the mid-2000s to sell ads but left for good a few years later. Following Riegel, there were two Dawns: Dawn Taylor and Dawn Widler. Then, in April 2003, Darlene Vinson, my wife of more than 30 years, became the department editor. She grew up in Parkrose and shares the same love for it that you do. She added local restaurant ratings, local lottery results and the monthly Meals on Wheels Menu to the original departments. She also began reporting quarterly round-ups of student achievements.

From left: Parkrose School District Superintendent Karen Fischer Gray, former Memo Executive Editor Rich Riegel and Lee Perlman attend a Neighborhood Prosperity dinner in 2012.

Freelance reporters
Lee Perlman, whose work appeared in the first issue until his unexpected death in August 2013, was the Memo’s original freelance reporter. A former staffer for The Oregonian, he also wrote articles for just about every other neighborhood newspaper in Portland. He was described by a colleague as a “curmudgeonly self-contained writing machine.”

If you’ve followed the Memo regularly, you also read features and news reporting by Jane Braaten, Miles Vance, E.J. Flannery, Andrew Oman, Richard Dickey, Laurie Olson, Sean Nelson, Don Weston, Heather Hill, Karen Lynn Fisette, Joshua Bolkan, Josha Hill, Jarrod Hatem, Rachael Wilson, Kelly Copeland, Amber McKenna, Linda Cargill, Jim Stewart, Nathan Gilles, Jeri Cuerden, Patricia Rimmer, Pat MacAodha, Isaac Hotchkiss, Derek Andersen and Ygal Kaufman. For the last two years, Jack Rushall has covered the Memo newsbeat.

Copy editors
If you found the Memo’s copy comprehensible and, for the most part, error free and grammatically correct, it was thanks to Ali McCart, Lauren Groesbeck, Melissa Moore, Michele Elder and Carrie Meech. For the last few years, Sarah Currin-Moles has kept the paper readable. Again, thank you all.

As a mass-mailed, advertiser-supported newspaper, I want to thank the hundreds of business owners who have supported the Memo over the years. Without their business, there’d be no Mid-county Memo. I must acknowledge a few key long-term clients and friends. Advertisers expected measurable results from their ads. Many also understood the positive, yet unmeasurable effect that supporting a neighborhood newspaper has on the community and their businesses.

Brothers Jerry and Joe Danna have advertised their Elmer’s restaurants in every edition of the Memo for more than 30 years. Penny Sundholm, whose Friendship II gourmet coffee shop was one of the last businesses in the original Gateway Shopping Center, was not only a regular advertiser but also a business mentor when I first bought the paper. Father and son Bob and Kelly Brown, owners of the business first known as Bob Brown Tire Center and now known as Brown’s Point S Tire & Auto Store, advertised regularly for more than two decades. Charles “Buck” Best and his son Ron Best have had their display ad on page three for City Home Improvement for years. Mark Budlong, who owned Bill’s Steakhouse for decades, was a regular advertiser and source for community news. Brothers David and Bryan Ableidinger advertised their business Parkrose Hardware on the Memo’s back page for nearly 15 years until they sold in 2014. Darleen Hakola Wilson, owner of the Colour Authority salon in Gateway, advertised in every issue from 1988 until she passed away in 2014. Taekwondo Grandmaster Tae Hong Choi, owner of Choi’s Martial Arts in Gateway, advertised regularly for more than a decade until he died in 2009. When it was open, Aldo and then Joe Rossi often advertised their farm store and were a source for stories and Memo content. Al Sigala was also a source for content and a regular advertiser when he oversaw communications for Mt. Hood Community College. Gateway Keystone Cop and Gateway Booster Ron Manza was a source for many story ideas.

Another longtime advertiser until he sold his Postal Annex franchise was Bruce Altizer. East County Recycling owner Ralph Gilbert, and then his son Vince (Environmentally Conscious Recycling), sponsored the Parkrose High School Athletic calendar for years. There were many merchants in Menlo Park Plaza that advertised as a group. Among them were Ray Nuding, who owned Renaissance Press and advertised in every issue until from 1985 to 1998, when he moved the business to Milwaukie. Brian and Paulette Kelley of Kelley’s Furniture are a class act. Wes and Mercedes Cleary, who started Cleary’s Restaurant, advertised their place for years. Three generations of jewelers at Miller’s Jewelry Store advertised regularly—first Robert Miller, then his son Doug and now his grandson Justin. Not only did Denny and Joyce Edelen advertise Edelen Doors & Windows, but I also played on their company softball team. I have a scar to prove it! Jason Kindle, whom I first met when he managed the Refectory Restaurant dining room, went on to open Bridge City Taproom just down the street and has been very successful with former Refectory general manager Ed Olson’s help. Speaking of the Refectory, I want to thank Mitch and Ce Ce Stanley for regular advertising and news tips. Chefs Ivan and Jeff Runge, who both worked at Roses’s Restaurant and Bakery, then opened the American Broiler, their own restaurant. Larry Olsen, owner of Boss Hawg’s Bar ’N‘ Grill and Hawg’s 2 (and a marketing guru to boot), has been supportive of the Memo since he opened his places. Jerry Yost and Sheri Gartner Puppo at Gartner’s Country Meats were also regular advertisers. Linda Williams, marketing director at Oregon Baptist Retirement Homes (now Parkview Christian Retirement Community) advertised monthly for more than 10 years until her recent retirement. In addition, Eva and Eric Liu, owners of Kings Omelets, are enthusiastic community supporters, which included regularly advertising in the Memo.

Holland Graphics did the Memo’s design and layout work during my first nine years as publisher. I met Linda Holland when we worked together at Pry Publishing. Debbie McWilliams has been the Memo’s graphic designer—both for its print edition and its web site—for nearly 20 years. When we were referred to her in 1999, she was living in Texas, where she’s from. Seven years ago, she married and moved to Michigan. We’ve never met in person. But despite the remove, we made it work. We worked by phone, fax, e-mail, UPS and FedEx at first, but eventually, all business was done over the Internet. If you’ve liked how the Memo and its website looked, that’s all Debbie. She is the best.

Many community members and business owners were regular sources of content and story ideas. I can’t list them all, but here’s some I’d like to acknowledge for their help.

Two of the first community members I met when I was first hired were Sharron Kelley, who became a Multnomah County commissioner, and Paul Thalhofer, who was later elected Troutdale mayor. We had offices in a business incubator on Sandy Boulevard. They were running Eastside Up at the time. A precursor to Parkrose’s current business association, they fed the Memo many story ideas. Hazelwood’s Jane Baker is one of Mid-county and east Portland’s best-known and best-liked community leaders. Wilkes neighborhood activists Pete and Dorothy Smith and Hazelwood’s Kay Collier were friends of the Memo, as were Sharon Owen farmer Ron Spada was always helpful with story ideas longtime Parkrose Heights Association of Neighbors chair Carol Williams and PHAN activists Trudy Jones, Grace Fitzgerald and Tom Badrick were helpful over the years with PHAN news Judy Alley and Kirsten Wageman, SnowCap Community Charities executive directors, were regular sources of stories about its work funeral directors Bob Baird, Jon Ollerenshaw and Paul Butterfield alerted us when prominent east Portland people passed away retired pastors Bill Taylor and Charlie Ross were friends of the Memo and supplied us with good story fodder and former Parkrose School District superintendent Karen Fischer Gray and her assistant Andrea Stevenson were always transparent and cooperative in providing district information. Parkrose High School’s Nicole Maynard, Lesley Bossert and Daunte Gouge, were indispensable sending us student achievement news quarterly. Linda Swenson and Grace Duggar were always timely with Portland Christian Schools news. Michelle Williams’ MW Photos was an essential source for athletic team photos. Julie Piper Finley, Meals on Wheels director of marketing & communications was our source for the monthly menu we published. Dave Luce, Parkrose’s Can Man, was not only a source for good information, but his volunteer work was the subject of more than a few feature stories. The venerable Ollie Lund, who was a longtime Argay Terrace resident and Rotarian as well as part of the team that brought the first McDonald’s to Mid-county, was himself a source of feature stories over the years. Property owners Ted Gilbert, Bill Bitar and Mike Reese were helpful with Gateway and Parkrose history. Argay Terrace activists Valerie Curry and Alan Brown were tremendous help not only with neighborhood concerns but also land use and Comprehensive Plan issues. The Memo chronicled longtime Russell Neighborhood Association chair Bonny McKnight’s fight against city annexation in some its first editions. We also covered her unsuccessful attempt to form a new city between Gresham and Portland. Later she kept the Memo informed what the city was doing (or not doing) in our neighborhoods. From government: TriMet’s Mary Fetsch provided crucial help with transportation articles Bureau of Development Services’ Chris Scarzello helped us understand complicated land use issues Prosper Portland’s Justin Douglas helped us understand Gateway Regional Center Urban Renewal Area news and Portland Bureau of Transportation’s Dylan Rivera guided us around street construction and road issues. In addition, Jeff Martin, Multnomah County Health Department environmental health supervisor, provided the monthly restaurant ratings.There were many more, of course I just want to thank you all.

Time for a less structured life: “I’ll be just another old, fat, bald white guy in the crowd decrying what the city has done to east Portland,” says Curran.

Personal note
And so, it is my decision to retire at the end of the month. I have enjoyed being part of a prolonged community discussion about important issues like growth, government accountability, community values and sustainability. For me, it’s the end of 27 years as publisher of the Memo and more than 35 years in the newspaper business. And it’s the beginning of a new, less structured chapter in my life.

I’m proud the Memo remained local and independent. It’s been a lot of fun. The Memo had a great run.


Though currently unconfirmed, it is most likely that witches are required to go to schools like Hexside, due to the system in place. Hexside teaches witches from a young age up until adolescence, and as such includes a kindergarten section of the school for younger witches. Ώ]

Incoming students must take a placement exam to determine their academic level at Hexside. Students who have yet to master basic spell-craft are placed in the school's kindergarten.


Being a school of magic, multiple subjects are taught here at Hexside for multiple grades. Those just starting are often taught the basic essentials, such as learning how to read and write runes, while those higher up learn more complex topics such as the "heximal system".

As Bump recalls (via flashback) in "The First Day", the school once used a "Choosy Hat" to determine which track a new admission would follow, though this practice was suspended after the hat attacked a student. The relic was subsequently restrained and kept on the campus, though it occasionally escapes.

Along with standard classes, Hexside also has classes exclusive to covens, due to covens being a requirement to join by law. These classes are typically limited to the 'main nine' covens: Bard, Beast Keeping, Potions, Plants, Illusions, Healing, Oracle, Abominations, and Construction. Students in kindergarten are coven-less, thus they do not take coven classes until they are older. When the time comes for a student to be placed in a coven, an annual Covention is held at the town center to introduce students to all the types of covens to help them decide on which to join.

Student Life


As of the episode "Something Ventured, Someone Framed", if a student is causing trouble at school, guards who can smell trouble hook them away to a detention room, where students are encased in blue cocoons surrounded by giant worm creatures to put them in a trance until they learn/hypnotized to behave.

As revealed in "The First Day", troublemakers are put in the Detention Track, where they aren't allowed to use magic Bump implies this is due to the fact that the aforementioned detention room "still needs repairs", an unsubtle reminder to Luz of what happened in "Something Ventured, Someone Framed". Unbeknownst to most of the faculty, the room where this track is held has secret access to the Secret Room of Shortcuts, which in turn has access to the entire school, enabling inmates to secretly listen in on every class in the school. The room was built by "Lord Calamity", who is revealed at the end of the episode to be Eda herself.

Bump also threatened to feed Luz to the Choosy Hat for causing trouble, though this was likely in jest.


Hexside maintains an athletic field for the sport of Grudgby. There are also gym classes one activity being "the Game", which is similar to basketball, but requires throwing members of the opposing team through the nets. Like typical schools, it has extracurricular activities and clubs, such as the Human Appreciation Society, which Gus and Mattholomule attend. Luz has discussed the idea of starting a book club as well.


The school has endured many serious incidents caused by Eda when she was a student due to her mischievous nature.

Sacsayhuaman Terrace Gateway - History

Contact Us

MarkJarrett, Ph.D.
10 Folin Lane
Lafayette, CA 94549

The Gateway to U.S. History:
The Bridge to Success on Florida’s EOC Test

Florida Transformative Education is dedicated to meeting your educational needs. If your school or district is still choosing a basic text for American history, you should carefully consider The Gateway to U.S. History: The Bridge to Success on Florida's EOC Test. The book is closely aligned to all of Florida’s tested standards for American history. It covers all of the Benchmarks, Benchmark Clarifications, and Content Focuses found in the U.S. History End-of-Course Assessment Test Item Specifications, issued by the Florida Department of Education. Our browser-based online version of this book has been adopted as a major tool for high school U.S. history by the Florida Department of Education.

Even if your school or district has y adopted a different textbook or program, your students will still benefit by using Gateway to U.S. History. Students can reinforce their learning as they work their way through their adopted textbooks by reading related chapters in Gateway to U.S. History. The book can further be used for final review and preparation in the weeks just before the statewide test. Students can use the Florida “Keys” to Learning, review cards and practice questions for a comprehensive review over the course of just a few weeks.

A Brief Overview of the Book

A short preface focuses on the EOC test and describes our successful social studies test-taking strategy. We eschew shortcuts but show students how to take a metacognitive approach by following a series of deliberate steps to answer multiple-choice questions. First, they must examine each question carefully and analyze any data it contains, including tables, graphs, illustrations, maps, and documentary excerpts. Next, they must reflect on the topic that the question covers and what they remember about that topic. Only then should they finally answer the question by carefully reviewing each answer choice and seeing which answer choices (distractors) are wrong and which answer is correct.

A special introductory chapter, “Historians at Work,” shows how historians reconstruct the past. Students learn how to act as real historians as they interpret historical documents by asking who wrote the document, what they know about the author, when it was written, and why it was written. They also think about how the document relates to other evidence.

The rest of the The Gateway to U.S. History is divided into six content units, based on the Next Generation Sunshine State Standards for U.S. History. The names of these units are: the Civil War and Reconstruction the Transformation of American Society World Affairs through World War I the Interwar Period World War II and the Cold War and the Modern United States: Global Leadership and Domestic Issues. The book closes with a final practice test. Items on this test are based the NGSSS Benchmarks and modeled on the items found in the U.S. History End-of-Course Assessment Test Item Specifications. Our browser-based online program contains additional chapters on geography and the arts. The U.S. History Honors edition further includes a chapter with a special capstone project.

Special Learning Features

Content chapters range from 15 to 35 pages in length and provide cutting-edge historical interpretations. Special attention is paid to the “Benchmark Clarifications” and the “Content Focus” provided in the EOC “Item Specifications” document, and to the examples found on the CPALMS website. Each chapter follows an identical format. It begins with a list of NGSSS Benchmarks covered in the chapter, followed by a list of important terms and names that students should know. Next comes Florida “Keys” to Learning—a summary of the most important ideas and facts found in the chapter. Together, these three features serve as an advance organizer for the rest of the chapter.

This is followed by the main text of the chapter itself. Written in clear and concise language that students can easily grasp, each chapter illuminates a particular period of American history with a compelling narrative. The text is accompanied by maps, diagrams, charts, and contemporary illustrations. Students are asked to engage in various activities in The Historian’s Apprentice, found at the end of each major section. They may be asked to apply what they have just learned through role-play—such as describing conditions on the Great Plains in a letter to a relative back East or in Europe, or by reenacting the impeachment of Andrew Johnson in their classroom. They may be asked to interpret a primary document—like Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail”—or to research a topic for additional information—such as the life of a famous inventor or entrepreneur and the relationship of major life events to that inventor’s accomplishments. Finally, each chapter concludes with a series of review cards, a chapter concept map, and a series of practice test questions based on the EOC “Item Specifications” requirements. With the questions at the end of each chapter and those on the final exam, there are more than 300 practice assessment items in this book.

Gateway to U.S. History can be successfully used as the guiding thread for your course in U.S. History, for review, or for differentiated instruction. This book is now available for your classrooms at a very reasonable price. The book is also now available in a color edition.

  • $165.00 for a set of 10 books (includes shipping)*
  • $199.50 for a set of 10 books of the color edition, plus 10% shipping
  • $6.50 per student for a one-year license to the black-and-white edition, on a district-wide or school-wide basis
  • $10.00 per student for a one-year license to the color edition, on a district-wide or school-wide basis

We provide professional development for districts adopting our materials without charge. For additional workshops with innovative instructional strategies for using this resource, please contact our authorized providers of professional development, Steve Beasley or Sherry Owens of s3strategies, at (806) 407-5354.

To see a PowerPoint presentation about The Gateway to US History, click below:

To see an introductory chapter explaining the main features of the book, click below:

To see a chapter on the Civil War, click below:

To see a sample chapter on the 1920s, click below:

To see a sample chapter on the Cold War, click below:

To see how the book covers the topics tested on all four versions of a past EOC assessment, click below:

Town of Clarkdale, Arizona

The Town of Clarkdale, Arizona is located on the banks of the Verde River in the north central part of Arizona. It is a thriving community and is the gateway to the Sycamore Canyon Wilderness Area in the beautiful Verde Valley. Founded in 1912, Clarkdale is renowned as the first master planned community in the State of Arizona.

Originally a &ldquocompany town&rdquo, Clarkdale was founded by the United Verde Copper Company to provide housing and services for the employees of their copper smelter. The extensive smelter complex was located near the Verde River and processed copper ore that was brought down from the mines in Jerome from 1913-1953.

Unlike other company towns of the period that grew haphazardly, Clarkdale was designed and built from a unified master plan. The main town site was located on a ridge overlooking the industrial smelter complex and was developed with residential homes, including upper and lower-income housing, a commercial area, and administrative center, schools, recreational and cultural facilities, and parks. They intended to include all the parts typically found in a small town within a comprehensive planned design. Today,the original town site of Clarkdale is recognized as a Historic District on the National Register of Historic Places.

Clarkdale remains a model of good urban planning today. The estimated population in 2019 was 4,354. The original rail line that served the smelter is now host to a scenic excursion train, the Verde Canyon Railroad, which allows travelers a four-hour round trip to view the protected ecosystem of the Sycamore Canyon Wilderness Area and Verde River firsthand. In addition to the excursion branch, the Arizona Central Railroad (the parent company of the Verde Canyon Railroad) ships materials by rail to Salt River Materials Group, a local cement manufacturer.

Clarkdale&rsquos historic Downtown Business District boasts many treasured historic assets, and is the center of Clarkdale&rsquos government, cultural, and historic core. The Town and the business owners in the downtown area have invested heavily to keep the town core thriving. Approximately $1.5 million in streetscape improvements in the Downtown Business District were completed in March, 2005. The Clarkdale Historical Society and Museum and an Information Center are open in the downtown district.

Beyond the original town site, Clarkdale occupies approximately 10.1 square miles in the Verde Valley. Clarkdale is home to the Yavapai College Verde Campus and the Small Business Development Center. High school students in Clarkdale attend Mingus Union High School, and the Clarkdale-Jerome Elementary School boasts an excellent reputation for educating our students from Kindergarten through Eighth Grade.

The Verde River bisects the north portion of the town at a low elevation of around 3,300 feet. The west side of the town boundary is located along the foothills of Mingus Mountain in the Black Hills Range at a high elevation of approximately 4,600 feet above sea level.

On the northeast border of Clarkdale, the National Park service operates the 42-acre Tuzigoot National Monument, an 800 year old Sinagua pueblo, which is surrounded by hiking trails and hosts a complete museum. Tavasci Marsh borders Tuzigoot National Monument and has been designated as an Important Birding Area by the North American Audubon Society. Arizona StateParks also manages the Tuzigoot River Access Point along the Verde River in Clarkdale.

The Town is surrounded by lands of the Prescott National Forest to the west and lands of the Coconino National Forest to the east. In addition, trust lands of the Yavapai-Apache Nation are located within the town boundary.

Incorporated in 1957, Clarkdale operates under the Council-Manager form of government, with an elected Mayor and four Council Members who serve in office for 4-year, staggeredterms. Citizen volunteers serve on various Boards and Commissions and all citizens are encouraged to actively engage in community issues.

The Early Days

The first mining claims in Jerome were filed in 1876 by several Irish men and women. In 1880, a consultant for Phelps Dodge Corporation came through Jerome and inspected the claims and decided it was not a good investment at that time. Seven years later, in 1887, the consultant revisited the mines and realized their great potential. When Phelps Dodge clients gave up the option to invest in the Jerome mines, William A. Clark of Montana stepped forward and picked it up.

Mr. Clark had the money to develop the United Verde Copper Company into one of the largest copper mines in the world. The ore was rich and the market was ripe. But, the unique ore body led to problems with the mine and forced changes in the plant facilities. Clark decided to mine the ore by the open pit method, which necessitated relocation of the smelter and mine buildings.

Early planning for land acquisition and the siting of the smelter and town was done quietly. Many properties near the Verde River and in the immediate foothills surrounding Jerome came under the control of the United Verde Copper Company or one of its subsidiaries. In 1913, United Verde transferred almost 1200 acres of land to the Clarkdale Improvement Company.

Development of a "Planned Community"

William Andrews Clark was a man with three great ambitions in his lifetime. One of those ambitions was to own a town that would be one of the most modern mining towns in the world. Clarkdale, a town which bore his name, would be such a town. The town was designed to have every possible convenience. There were telephones, telegraph, sewer and electrical services and fine spring water. There were wide streets, buildings for all types of businesses and professionals, and subsidized homes.

Construction on the smelter began in 1912, and simultaneously the building of temporary structures began to house a store and a post office. Later, three streets of homes were built for the accommodation of those who sought low-cost living quarters. This area was known as Patio Town (much later as Patio Park Subdivision). The rest of the Town was divided into two sections that were designated as Clarkdale East and Clarkdale West, but are known only as Lower and Upper Town. The first single dwellings for employees were built along the streets close to Bitter Creek.

In laying out the streets of the town, names were sought which would aid newcomers or visitors in finding places. Main Street divides the town, running west from the river. In naming the parallel streets, the Salt Lake City method was adopted. Examples are First North Street, First South Street, Second North Street, and so on. Certain sections of the town were set aside for those who preferred to build their own residences. No lots were sold, but were leased. One such section was known as "Standard Oil Town" because it was near the Standard Oil storage plant. The community of Centerville, south of Clarkdale, but really a suburb of that time, was on ground not owned by the United Verde. Another small group of houses was called "Butcherville" because employees of the town's meat market lived there.

The first construction in the main section of lower town was a two-story hotel that was built to accommodate employees then dwellings were built. In 1914, construction began in upper town. A business block was built, with accommodations including two-story buildings, for ten businesses and offices. This is between Ninth and Tenth Streets on the south side of Main Street. The building of residences in upper town also began in 1914. Placement of the homes was alternated each block has three smaller homes between two larger homes. Over one hundred years later, these houses sit solid and firm.

On October 19, 1927, the Clark Memorial Clubhouse and Memorial Library were formally opened. The original cost of the Clark Memorial Clubhouse, designed by Fitzhugh & Byron, was $90,000. The Clark Memorial Clubhouse is now listed on the National Register of Historic Places and is the official meeting place of the Town Council. The entire original town site, including Upper and LowerClarkdale is on the National Register as the Clarkdale Historic District.


In the mid-1930's, after the death of several members of the Clark family, Phelps Dodge Mining Corporation had the opportunity to buy the United Verde operation. Phelps Dodge operated the business from 1935 through 1953 both the company and the town were run differently than they had been before. After 1953, Clarkdale was bought and sold by several different companies. The citizens of Clarkdale became dissatisfied with the various companies and management of the town, and set about to incorporate in mid-1957. The Clarkdale Community Betterment Association was formed to promote incorporation. The Yavapai County Board of Supervisors approved incorporation on July 1, 1957 when 86% of the real property owners requested it.

In 2019, Clarkdale's long-time Town Manager Gayle Mabery, who served in that position for 21 years, developed a presentation relating to The Development of Clarkdale from its date of incorporation through 2019. The presentation highlights Clarkdale's major milestones for each decade of its incorporation. A link to the presentation can be found here.


The new government encouraged industry and population growth. In the Fall of 1959 the Phoenix Cement Company began operation west of Clarkdale. People moved into Clarkdale, buying the practically abandoned houses in Lower Town and remodeling them. Long-time residents were invited to purchase their homes, for as little $2,500.

Others bought houses for investment purposes. Since the construction of the historic areas of Town, several new areas of the Town have been developed. Subdivisions such as Black Hills I and II, Verde Palisades, Foothills Terrace, Mingus View Estates, Haskell Springs, Mingus Shadows, and numerous individual home sites in unsubdivided areas have added to the population of the town.

Historic Sites of Clarkdale Brochure

The Town of Clarkdale offers a free brochure which allows visitors to take themselves on a walking tour of the historic sites of Clarkdale, including buildings constructed in the 1920's by the mining company which founded the town. The brochure is available at the Clark Memorial Library, 39 N. Ninth Street.

Clarkdale Historical Society & Museum

The Town of Clarkdale and the Clarkdale Historical Society & Museum received a grant from the Arizona Department of Tourism to renovate a town building for use as a museum and archive. Governor Napolitano came to Clarkdale on October 16th, 2006 to present a $50,000 check. On July 4th, 2008, the Clarkdale Historical Society & Museum opened for business.

For more information on the Clarkdale Historical Society & Museum please visit their website:

The majority of parking lots are over-crowded and residents become increasingly frustrated when trying to find a spot to park. Our application allows your residents to purchase resident and visitor parking permits which are monitored and managed by your enforcement company. By connecting these dots, un-permitted parking will be a thing of the past, keeping your residents happy!


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Any player with the 'Mission Control' permission for their Guild Rank can trigger the trek from the guild missions tab of the guild panel. Guild members can view the target locations using the missions tab or share the information via chat or other means. Each location is stamped with a yellow sparkling mark that is only visible during a trek if it is one of the target locations. It can be stamped on the ground or wall. Once found, the guild member must interact with it once to claim the mark. Pressing the keybind multiple times will reset the cooldown of the mark, so only interact one time and wait several seconds for credit to be given.

Personal rewards are received immediately on completion of a single location for the individual activating it, and others in the circle even if they did not activate it.

The locations do not have to be found in order, so guild members are encouraged to split up and search for the locations individually. All locations can be found in the open PvE world, although they may be found on land, underground, or even underwater. Jumping may be required to reach some locations, and a few require the completion of a jumping puzzle.

Sacsayhuaman Terrace Gateway - History

35 And Moses gathered all the congregation of the children of Israel together, and said unto them, These are the words which the Lord hath commanded, that ye should do them.

2 Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day there shall be to you an holy day, a sabbath of rest to the Lord : whosoever doeth work therein shall be put to death.

3 Ye shall kindle no fire throughout your habitations upon the sabbath day.

4 And Moses spake unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, saying, This is the thing which the Lord commanded, saying,

5 Take ye from among you an offering unto the Lord : whosoever is of a willing heart, let him bring it, an offering of the Lord gold, and silver, and brass,

6 And blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair,

7 And rams' skins dyed red, and badgers' skins, and shittim wood,

8 And oil for the light, and spices for anointing oil, and for the sweet incense,

9 And onyx stones, and stones to be set for the ephod, and for the breastplate.

10 And every wise hearted among you shall come, and make all that the Lord hath commanded

11 The tabernacle, his tent, and his covering, his taches, and his boards, his bars, his pillars, and his sockets,

12 The ark, and the staves thereof, with the mercy seat, and the vail of the covering,

13 The table, and his staves, and all his vessels, and the shewbread,

14 The candlestick also for the light, and his furniture, and his lamps, with the oil for the light,

15 And the incense altar, and his staves, and the anointing oil, and the sweet incense, and the hanging for the door at the entering in of the tabernacle,

16 The altar of burnt offering, with his brasen grate, his staves, and all his vessels, the laver and his foot,

17 The hangings of the court, his pillars, and their sockets, and the hanging for the door of the court,

18 The pins of the tabernacle, and the pins of the court, and their cords,

19 The cloths of service, to do service in the holy place, the holy garments for Aaron the priest, and the garments of his sons, to minister in the priest's office.

20 And all the congregation of the children of Israel departed from the presence of Moses.

21 And they came, every one whose heart stirred him up, and every one whom his spirit made willing, and they brought the Lord 's offering to the work of the tabernacle of the congregation, and for all his service, and for the holy garments.

22 And they came, both men and women, as many as were willing hearted, and brought bracelets, and earrings, and rings, and tablets, all jewels of gold: and every man that offered offered an offering of gold unto the Lord .

23 And every man, with whom was found blue, and purple, and scarlet, and fine linen, and goats' hair, and red skins of rams, and badgers' skins, brought them.

24 Every one that did offer an offering of silver and brass brought the Lord 's offering: and every man, with whom was found shittim wood for any work of the service, brought it.

25 And all the women that were wise hearted did spin with their hands, and brought that which they had spun, both of blue, and of purple, and of scarlet, and of fine linen.

26 And all the women whose heart stirred them up in wisdom spun goats' hair.

27 And the rulers brought onyx stones, and stones to be set, for the ephod, and for the breastplate

28 And spice, and oil for the light, and for the anointing oil, and for the sweet incense.

29 The children of Israel brought a willing offering unto the Lord , every man and woman, whose heart made them willing to bring for all manner of work, which the Lord had commanded to be made by the hand of Moses.

30 And Moses said unto the children of Israel, See, the Lord hath called by name Bezaleel the son of Uri, the son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah

31 And he hath filled him with the spirit of God, in wisdom, in understanding, and in knowledge, and in all manner of workmanship

32 And to devise curious works, to work in gold, and in silver, and in brass,

33 And in the cutting of stones, to set them, and in carving of wood, to make any manner of cunning work.

34 And he hath put in his heart that he may teach, both he, and Aholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan.

35 Them hath he filled with wisdom of heart, to work all manner of work, of the engraver, and of the cunning workman, and of the embroiderer, in blue, and in purple, in scarlet, and in fine linen, and of the weaver, even of them that do any work, and of those that devise cunning work.

Repeal of the Missouri Compromise

Though the Missouri Compromise managed to keep the peace𠅏or the moment—it failed to resolve the pressing question of slavery and its place in the nation’s future. Southerners who opposed the Missouri Compromise did so because it set a precedent for Congress to make laws concerning slavery, while Northerners disliked the law because it meant slavery was expanded into new territory.

In the decades after 1820, as westward expansion continued, and more of the Louisiana Purchase lands were organized as territories, the question of slavery’s extension continued to divide the nation. The Compromise of 1850, which admitted California to the Union as a free state, required California to send one pro-slavery senator to maintain the balance of power in the Senate.

In 1854, during the organization of Kansas and Nebraska Territories, Senator Stephen Douglas of Illinois spearheaded the Kansas-Nebraska Act, which mandated that the settlers of each territory should decide the issue of slavery for themselves, a principle known as popular sovereignty. The controversial law effectively repealed the Missouri Compromise by allowing slavery in the region north of the 36º 30’ parallel. Passage of the Kansas-Nebraska Act sparked violence between pro- and anti-slavery settlers in 𠇋leeding Kansas,” delaying Kansas’ admission to the Union. Opposition to the act led to the formation of the Republican Party, and the emergence to national prominence of Douglas’s Illinois rival, a formerly obscure lawyer named Abraham Lincoln.

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