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James (Jimmy) Bannister was born in Leyland on 20th September 1880. He played local football for Leyland Temperance and Chorley before signing for Manchester City in September 1902.
Bannister, an inside-forward, scored 13 goals in 21 appearances in his first season and won a Second Division championship medal.
In the 1903-04 season Manchester City finished in second place in the First Division. They also had a good FA Cup run defeating Sunderland (3-2), Arsenal (2-0), Middlesbrough (3-1) and Sheffield Wednesday (3-0). Manchester City played Bolton Wanderers in the final at Crystal Palace. The only goal of the game was scored by Billy Meredith.
The Football Association was amazed by Manchester City's rapid improvement and that summer they decided to carry out an investigation into the way the club was being run. However, the officials only discovered some minor irregularities and no case was brought against the club.
The following season Manchester City again challenged for the championship. City needed to beat Aston Villa on the final day of the season. Sandy Turnbull gave Alec Leake, the Villa captain, a torrid time during the game. Leake threw some mud at him and he responded with a two-fingered gesture. Leake then punched Turnbull. According to some journalists, at the end of the game, Turnbull was dragged into the Villa dressing-room and beaten-up. Villa won the game 3-1 and Manchester City finished third, two points behind Newcastle United.
After the game Alec Leake claimed that Billy Meredith had offered him £10 to throw the game. Meredith was found guilty of this offence by the Football Association and was fined and suspended from playing football for a year. Manchester City refused to provide financial help for Meredith and so he decided to go public about what really was going on at the club: "What was the secret of the success of the Manchester City team? In my opinion, the fact that the club put aside the rule that no player should receive more than four pounds a week... The team delivered the goods, the club paid for the goods delivered and both sides were satisfied."
The Football Association was now forced to carry out another investigation into the financial activities of Manchester City. They discovered that City had been making additional payments to all their players. Tom Maley was suspended from football for life. Seventeen players were fined and suspended until January 1907. This included Jimmy Bannister.
Manchester City was also forced to sell their players and at an auction at the Queen's Hotel in Manchester. The Manchester United manager, Ernest Mangnall signed Billy Meredith for only £500. Mangnal also purchased three other talented members of the City side, Jimmy Bannister, Sandy Turnbull and Herbert Burgess.
These new players did not make their debuts until the 1st January 1907. Manchester United beat Aston Villa 1-0. The only goal of the game was scored by Sandy Turnbull from a Billy Meredith cross. United only lost four games during the remainder of the season and climbed to an eighth-place finish.
Manchester United started off the 1907-08 season with three straight wins. They were then beaten 2-1 by Middlesbrough. However, this was followed by another ten wins and United quickly built up a good advantage over the rest of the First Division. Although Liverpool beat them 7-4 on 25th March, 1908, Manchester United went on to win the title by nine points. That year Bannister scored five league goals.
Ernest Mangnall had created an impressive team that was solid in defence and exciting in attack. The former Southampton player, Harry Moger, was a reliable goalkeeper who played in 38 league games that season. Dick Holden (26) or George Stacey (18) competed for the right-back position whereas Herbert Burgess (27) was the left-back. It has been argued that the half-back line of Dick Duckworth (35), Charlie Roberts (32) and Alec Bell (35) was the heart-beat of the side. Billy Meredith (37) and George Wall (36) were probably the best wingers playing in the Football League at the time and provided plenty of service for the inside trio of Sandy Turnbull (30), Jimmy Turnbull (26) and Jimmy Bannister (36). The championship winning team included four players purchased from Manchester City at an auction at the Queen's Hotel in October 1906.
Bannister lost his place to Harold Halse and only played in 16 of the games in the 1908-09 season. He was also not selected for the team that won the 1909 FA Cup Final.
In October 1909 Bannister moved to Preston North End. He scored 12 goals in 65 games before he was released by the club after being relegated from the First Division at the end of the 1911-12 season.
Jimmy Bannister was for many years a landlord of the Ship Inn at Leyland.
James Marshall "Jimi" Hendrix (born Johnny Allen Hendrix November 27, 1942 – September 18, 1970) was an American musician, singer, and songwriter. Although his mainstream career spanned only four years, he is widely regarded as one of the most influential electric guitarists in the history of popular music, and one of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century. The Rock and Roll Hall of Fame describes him as "arguably the greatest instrumentalist in the history of rock music". 
Born in Seattle, Washington, Hendrix began playing guitar at the age of 15. In 1961, he enlisted in the US Army, but was discharged the following year. Soon afterward, he moved to Clarksville then Nashville, Tennessee, and began playing gigs on the chitlin' circuit, earning a place in the Isley Brothers' backing band and later with Little Richard, with whom he continued to work through mid-1965. He then played with Curtis Knight and the Squires before moving to England in late 1966 after bassist Chas Chandler of the Animals became his manager. Within months, Hendrix had earned three UK top ten hits with the Jimi Hendrix Experience: "Hey Joe", "Purple Haze", and "The Wind Cries Mary". He achieved fame in the US after his performance at the Monterey Pop Festival in 1967, and in 1968 his third and final studio album, Electric Ladyland, reached number one in the US. The double LP was Hendrix's most commercially successful release and his first and only number one album. The world's highest-paid performer,  he headlined the Woodstock Festival in 1969 and the Isle of Wight Festival in 1970 before his accidental death in London from barbiturate-related asphyxia on September 18, 1970.
Hendrix was inspired by American rock and roll and electric blues. He favored overdriven amplifiers with high volume and gain, and was instrumental in popularizing the previously undesirable sounds caused by guitar amplifier feedback. He was also one of the first guitarists to make extensive use of tone-altering effects units in mainstream rock, such as fuzz distortion, Octavia, wah-wah, and Uni-Vibe. He was the first musician to use stereophonic phasing effects in recordings. Holly George-Warren of Rolling Stone commented: "Hendrix pioneered the use of the instrument as an electronic sound source. Players before him had experimented with feedback and distortion, but Hendrix turned those effects and others into a controlled, fluid vocabulary every bit as personal as the blues with which he began." 
Hendrix was the recipient of several music awards during his lifetime and posthumously. In 1967, readers of Melody Maker voted him the Pop Musician of the Year and in 1968, Billboard named him the Artist of the Year and Rolling Stone declared him the Performer of the Year. Disc and Music Echo honored him with the World Top Musician of 1969 and in 1970, Guitar Player named him the Rock Guitarist of the Year. The Jimi Hendrix Experience was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame in 1992 and the UK Music Hall of Fame in 2005. Rolling Stone ranked the band's three studio albums, Are You Experienced, Axis: Bold as Love, and Electric Ladyland, among the 100 greatest albums of all time, and they ranked Hendrix as the greatest guitarist and the sixth greatest artist of all time.
History-2002 Former Mr. America Jimmy Payne
History, at least the artifacts and evidence of it, can be found in many unique places. One can visit castles, monuments, libraries and in Rohnert Park even a fitness center. Walk into Stan Bennett&rsquos Fitness Center on Commerce Blvd. anytime during the week and you will see a wall of historic photos, mostly of one very outstanding man-Mr. Jimmy Payne.
If you arrive early enough (7 to 11 a.m.) you will be greeted by this 1950 &ldquoMr. America&rdquo body-building champion. At 78, he still finds a little time to work, in between golf and bingo and fitness participants are very appreciative. He greets everyone with a big smile, words of good cheer and advises on persona routines. During slow times, Jimmy still uses the pulleys and weights that he was fundamental in developing.
It all started during the Depression, when as a small boy he split his head open during a missed slide down a school banister. He not only decided to ignore the doctor&rsquos advice against any exercise, but also seems to have been adversely inspired by such words. He discovered his lifelong friend, Jack LaLanne, working out at Neptune Beach and soon joined him on bars, rings and especially a hand balancing partnership. Later, work-out buddies created their own weights by filling coffee cans with cement and inserting broom handles in them. Finally, neighbor and welder Paul Martin invented modern weighted metal plates and pully machines.
When LaLanne opened the first modern gym in Oakland, Jimmy began to work out there, alongside future stars such as Steve Reeves. During the war Jimmy primed the muscles of soldiers for their overseas tour of duty.
Jimmy&rsquos entire family grew up in the physical fitness movement. His wife and children created and performed on the &ldquoJunior Mr. and Miss America Club&rdquo TV show in the 1960s, encouraging young people to embrace physical health. When most people would think about retiring, Jimmy continued his athletic career, performing hand-balancing in Las Vegas shows, giving inspiration group talks and competing the World Wrist-wrestling championships, held in Petaluma. Jimmy&rsquos constant attention to diet and workout often defeated much larger and beefier farm/rancher types.
Irene Hilsendager&rsquos column each week touches on moments in the history of Cotati, Rohnert Park and Penngrove.
Bannister Surname Meaning, History & Origin
England. Banastre appeared in 12th century Cheshire records where Richard Banastre was named as one of the barons of Chester. However, the main concentration of this name has been in Lancashire.
Lancashire The name first appears here near present-day Wigan. Sir Adam Banastre was a landowner in the parish of Standish who led a local uprising, known as Banastre’s rebellion, in 1315. It failed and Sir Adam lost his head. Bannisters were then to be found in the dales of East Lancashire, in Altham (where they owned the manor) and in Barnoldswick.
A Bannister family had settled at Park Hill in Pendle in the 1400’s. Nicholas Bannister was the magistrate who interrogated
the so-called Pendle witches in the famous trial of 1612 and it was John Bannister who helped quell the Pendle forest riots of 1748.
Their farmhouse now forms the headquarters of the Heritage Trust in the northwest. This family produced Roger Bannister, the first man to break the four minute mile record. They had been in the textile business, first in wool and then in cotton, and now run the country house Coniston Hotel in the Yorkshire dales.
The Bannister name also crops up in nearby mill towns such as Colne, Burnley, Rochdale, and Chorley. Billy Bannister, a footballer from Burnley, was good enough to play for England at the turn of the century. John Bannister was the late Victorian historian of Chorley.
Elsewhere The Banastre name was also to be found in Berkshire from early times. These Banastres held the manor of Finchampstead in Windsor forest. They became Banisters rather than Bannisters.
A John Banester was bailiff of the Nether Inn in Eastbourne in 1495. Later Bannister references in Sussex were in Fletching near Uckfield, Ringmer, and in Beeding and Steyning.
The Bannister name also cropped up in Lincolnshire (Bourne and Sleaford) and in Essex (Doddinghurst).
America . The Banister spelling primarily came to America.
New England. Early arrivals were:
- Christopher and Jane Banister in Marlborough, Massachusetts. Andrew Banister from this family ended up in Hawaii in the 1850’s.
- and Thomas and Sarah Banister who came to Boston around 1685. Their son and grandson set themselves up as merchants in Newport, Rhode Island. Banister’s house and Banister’s wharf remain from this colonial time.
Virginia and the South. The Rev. John Banister arrived in Virginia in the late 1670’s and spent fourteen years collecting specimens of plants and insects and sending them back to England. Although he himself met with an untimely death, his son John built the family home at Battersea near Petersburg and was a patriot commander during the Revolutionary War.
Another Virginia line started with the birth of Burrel Banister there in the 1770’s and went via Kentucky and Indiana to Banister Hollow in Camden county, Missouri. The Banisters who arrived there in the 1840’s were apparently all musicians. Two sons, John and Will Banister , later took off for Fort Worth, Texas.
Balaam Banister was first recorded in the 1800 census, aged around 24, at Abbeville in South Carolina. He migrated from there to Georgia and Kentucky before settling in Louisiana. Burrell, thought to have been his brother, moved to Kentucky and then in 1811 to Indiana when it was still Indian territory. There were also related Banister lines, according to DNA testing, elsewhere in South Carolina, in Tennessee, and later in Texas .
A Bannister family from South Carolina were early settlers in Talladega county, Alabama in the 1830’s. Edward Bannister’s bible is still held by one of his descendants.
Canada. The first Bannister in Canada seems to have been of Irish origin, a John Bannister who settled in Trinity, Newfoundland in the 1780’s. Thomas Bannister arrived in 1810 from England and settled as a farmer in Elgin, New Brunswick.
Later, in the 1850’s, William Bannister from Suffolk started his farm in Vanessa, Ontario. His descendant Mark Bannister is still growing tobacco on that land today.
Australia . George Bannister was a convict on the first fleet which arrived in Australia in 1789.
Forty years later, Captain Thomas Bannister arrived on the Atwick from Steyning in Sussex in greater style, with his own cabin and three servants to attend him. He became the first European to explore the area now known as the Williams district in Western Australia. Thomas was the brother of Saxe Bannister, the controversial first Attorney General of New South Wales.
Joseph Bannister arrived from Lincolnshire in 1853 in search of gold in the Victorian goldfields.
New Zealand. A Bannister family came on the Bolton in 1840 from Dudley in the Black Country (where William Bannister had been manager of Lord Ward’s limestone works). His son Edwin became a farmer in Johnsonville near Wellington.
Early Bannisters. An ancient pedigree of this family, preserved in a petition on the rolls of Parliament, began with Robert Banastre who held Prestatyn, one of the hundreds of Flintshire, under Robert de Ruelent. Robert, the son of Robert Banastre, withdrew with all his people into Lancashire where they were found holding extensive possessions under the Earls of Chester. Bank Hall was for centuries the manorial residence of the Banastres or Banisters, lords of the manor of Bretherton.
Banastre’s Rebellion. The Banstre rebellion of 1315 was a rising directed against Thomas, Earl of Lancaster, and his favorite, Sir Robert Holland. Sir Adam Banastre was the leader of the insurgents. They all met at Wingates in Westhoughton and took an oath to live and die together.
Soon the party set forth for Wigan, gaining adherents on the way. They took Clitheroe castle, laid siege to Liverpool castle extracting ransom, and later captured Preston. But there the sheriff, acting on behalf of the Earl of Lancaster, arrived with 300 men and utterly defeated the insurgents.
Sir Adam Banastre and a companion, after hiding in the woods and moors for a week, were betrayed by the man in whose house they had taken refuge. Another account states that there was a final struggle in a barn where Banastre made a stout resistance before being captured. He was taken to Leyland Moor and executed.
The Banisters of Finchampstead. From about 1100, the manor of Finchampstead in Berkshire was held by Sir Alard Banastre and his descendants. Cousins of this family lived in the sub-manor of Banisters which was supposedly given to them as a reward for betraying the Duke of Buckingham to Richard III in 1483.
Banister House, built during the reign of Charles II, has the inscription of J.B.H. 1683 over the porch. These initials represent John and Hannah Banister. John held office as the regarder of Windsor Forest in 1695. The last Banister, also named John, died childless in 1821 and the estate was sold.
The Death of John Banister. In 1692 the naturalist John Banister travelled southwest to the Roanoke river to collect specimens. With him was a woodsman Jacob Colson. These two were undoubtedly part of a larger party of explorers, perhaps accompanying William Byrd inspecting his land on the lower Roanoke river at about this time.
Banister strayed from the group to collect plants along the river and Colson, thinking he was a wild animal, shot him dead.
John and Will Banister – from Banister Hollow in Missouri to Fort Worth in Texas. In 1867 John Banister – at the tender age of thirteen – and his brother Will decided to leave their home in Banister Hollow, Missouri and set out for Texas in search of their father.
They had no map but seemed to have found their way by asking passing travellers about how and where to cross the rivers and how to avoid danger from Native Americans. They journeyed nearly six hundred miles alone, armed with only a single rifle, a small amount of lead and powder, and a bag of Banister Hollow cornmeal. Four months after leaving Banister Hollow, the brothers arrived in Fort Worth, Texas and were befriended there.
John Banister went on to be a Texas Ranger and later a sheriff in Santa Anna, Texas. On his death in 1918 his wife Emma succeeded him as sheriff, the first woman sheriff in the state of Texas.
George Bannister To and From Australia. George Bannister was one of three youths who were convicted at the Old Bailey in London in 1784 for the theft of clothing (a petticoat, cloak, gown, and a pair of stockings) from a house in Millbank.
A small girl had seen one of the boys getting out of the window with the clothes under his arm. The three boys were traced through their tracks in the snow. Bannister said that he had gone to look for his mother’s ass and had been running along the river bank to warm himself when he heard the cry of “stop thief.” He was found hiding behind some willows. He said he had taken shelter there from the storm.
He was at first sentenced to Africa. But then his sentence was changed and he was on the first fleet to Australia. On his arrival there, he had a brief liaison with a fellow convict Ann Forbes which produced a daughter Sarah. He served out his sentence on Norfolk Island.
He subsequently appeared as a freeman in 1794 in Port Jackson,
NSW. No later record has been traced. As a sailor he would have had little difficulty in obtaining a working passage on a ship
leaving the colony.
Ethne Bannister and the Coniston Hotel. The Bannisters had bought the 1,800 acre estate in Craven in the Yorkshire dales in 1969. Their first decision was a heart-breaking one: the old hall, an early Victorian pile with 100 yards of frontage, had to be completely demolished. It was ridden with dry rot and might have fallen down of its own accord.
But Ethne’s husband Michael was used to making tough decisions. His family had for generations been in the textile business, first in wool and then cotton, and had built up a major business in East Lancashire. However, by the late 1960’s, the writing was on the wall for British textile manufacturing and the decision was made to move into the retail side of the business.
That business acumen was also put into play at Coniston Gold. Although the old hall was demolished, all the wonderful old stone, laboriously transported by horse and cart from Halifax in the 1840’s, was carefully stored. They then built a new house overlooking the lake, much smaller but much more elegant. Because the old stone was used, it is very difficult to tell that the house is just thirty years old.
Ethne’s three sons grew up to have very different careers. Nicholas became a banker and went to New York. Richard took over the retail textile business in Colne. And the youngest Tom, who went to the Royal Agricultural College, came home with an eye for change. Tom today manages the hotel complex at Coniston.
Reader Feedback – Bannisters in Australia. A Lieutenant Bannister became famous in Western Australia for the exploring the route from Frederickstown (now Albany) to Perth. I read elsewhere that a branch of the family left Lancashire for Ireland. I can find very little substantiation for this. But the Scottish Tartan Authority is quite unequivocal – these Bannisters wear the county Carlow tartan.
Robert Bannister ([email protected])
- Sir Adam Banastre was the Lancashire landowner who led Banastre’s rebellion (with unfortunate results) in 1315.
- Richard Banister from Lincolnshire has been called the father of British opthalmology. In 1622 he published the first good clinical description of glaucoma.
- Joseph Bannister was a well-known 17th century pirate who was captured and executed in Jamaica in 1687.
- Charles Bannister was a well-known actor and singer on the London stage in the 18th century.
- Roger Bannister was the first man to break the four minute mile record in 1953.
- Jo Bannister the novelist was born in Rochdale, Lancashire.
Bannister Numbers Today
- 14,000 in the UK (most numerous in Manchester)
- 4,000 in America (most numerous in South Carolina)
- 7,000 elsewhere (most numerous in Canada)
Bannister and Like Surnames.
The Norman Conquest brought new rulers to England and they brought their names and language, a form of French, with them. Over time their names became less French and more English in character. Thus Hamo became Hammond, Reinold Reynolds and Thierry Terry and so forth. The names Allen, Brett, Everett, and Harvey were probably Breton in origin as Bretons also arrived, sometimes as mercenaries.
The new Norman lords often adopted new last names, sometimes from the lands they had acquired and sometimes from places back in Normandy. Over time the name here also became more English. Thus Saint Maur into Seymour, Saint Clair into Sinclair, Mohun into Moon, and Warenne into Warren.
Here are some of these Norman and Breton originating names that you can check out.
Seaside drug dealer who kept dosh in Jimmy Choo box jailed
A drug dealer has been jailed after police caught him red-handed as he bagged up cocaine in a seaside guest house.
Nathaniel Bannister ran his own cannabis dealing operation and was press-ganged into selling cocaine when he ran into debt with his supplier.
He was caught using identical pieces of plastic to wrap up street deals of both drugs when police raided the Shelley Court bed and breakfast in Torquay.
He had a sheath knife on the bed to protect the drugs and had £1,270 cash hidden in the bedside table and a Jimmy Choo shoe box.
Bannister had £5,000 worth of cocaine along with a large amount of creatine mixing agent but said he was looking after them for someone else.
Officers also found 14 sets of trainers when they raided the same room a month later and caught him with a fresh supply of cannabis.
Bannister, aged 25, of Warbro Road, Torquay, admitted possession of cocaine and cannabis with intent to supply and possession of criminal property.
He was jailed for two years and four months by Judge Peter Johnson at Exeter Crown Court.
He told him: ”It is of note that the carrier bags you were using to wrap the cocaine, you were also using to bag up the cannabis which you were dealing.
“This court often hears about threats to those convicted. Those involved in dealing know the risks and know the pressure that is often, if not invariably applied, with threats of violence, or worse.”
Jimmy Bannister - History
Google Translate’s latest update – turning the app into a real-time interpreter – has been heralded as bringing us closer to ‘a world where language is no longer a barrier’. Despite glitches, it offers a glimpse of a future in which there are no linguistic misunderstandings – especially ones that change the course of history. BBC Culture looks back at the greatest mistranslations of the past, with a 19th-Century astronomer finding signs of intelligent life on Mars and a US president expressing sexual desire for an entire nation.
Life on Mars
When Italian astronomer Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli began mapping Mars in 1877, he inadvertently sparked an entire science-fiction oeuvre. The director of Milan’s Brera Observatory dubbed dark and light areas on the planet’s surface ‘seas’ and ‘continents’ – labelling what he thought were channels with the Italian word ‘canali’. Unfortunately, his peers translated that as ‘canals’, launching a theory that they had been created by intelligent lifeforms on Mars.
Convinced that the canals were real, US astronomer Percival Lowell mapped hundreds of them between 1894 and 1895. Over the following two decades he published three books on Mars with illustrations showing what he thought were artificial structures built to carry water by a brilliant race of engineers. One writer influenced by Lowell’s theories published his own book about intelligent Martians. In The War of the Worlds, which first appeared in serialised form in 1897, H G Wells described an invasion of Earth by deadly Martians and spawned a sci-fi subgenre. A Princess of Mars, a novel by Edgar Rice Burroughs published in 1911, also features a dying Martian civilisation, using Schiaparelli’s names for features on the planet.
While the water-carrying artificial trenches were a product of language and a feverish imagination, astronomers now agree that there aren’t any channels on the surface of Mars. According to Nasa, “The network of crisscrossing lines covering the surface of Mars was only a product of the human tendency to see patterns, even when patterns do not exist. When looking at a faint group of dark smudges, the eye tends to connect them with straight lines.”
Jimmy Carter knew how to get an audience to pay attention. In a speech given during the US President’s 1977 visit to Poland, he appeared to express sexual desire for the then-Communist country. Or that’s what his interpreter said, anyway. It turned out Carter had said he wanted to learn about the Polish people’s ‘desires for the future’.
Earning a place in history, his interpreter also turned “I left the United States this morning” into “I left the United States, never to return” according to Time magazine, even the innocent statement that Carter was happy to be in Poland became the claim that “he was happy to grasp at Poland's private parts”.
Unsurprisingly, the President used a different interpreter when he gave a toast at a state banquet later in the same trip – but his woes didn’t end there. After delivering his first line, Carter paused, to be met with silence. After another line, he was again followed by silence. The new interpreter, who couldn’t understand the President’s English, had decided his best policy was to keep quiet. By the time Carter’s trip ended, he had become the punchline for many a Polish joke.
Bannister Jimmy Image 2 Preston North End 1910
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Leyland, Lancashire born inside forward Jimmy Bannister started with Leyland Temperance in 1899, joining Leyland in 1900 and Chorley in 1901 before signing for Manchester City in 1902 making his Football League debut against Stockport County that December and scoring 13 times over the rest of the season, including a hat-trick in a 9-0 thrashing of Gainsborough Trinity in February 1903 as City won the Second Division Championship. He had three further seasons at City but was not a regular and joined Manchester United in the summer of 1906 after 22 goals in 47 appearances.
At United he won the League Championship in 1907-08 missing only 2 games that season but missed out on their 1909 FA Cup Final triumph, and joined Preston North End in October 1909 after 8 goals in 63 appearances. At Deepdale he scored a further 12 goals in 68 appearances but after their relegation in 1912 he moved to non league Lancaster Town before a return to Leyland in 1913. In 1914 he joined Darlington and after the First World War he played for both Heywood United and Lancaster Town.
The most notorious person from each of Alabama's 67 counties
Finding the most notorious person from each of Alabama’s 67 counties was no easy task. It’s not like notorious people are publicized like famous people or celebrities. But like every state, Alabama’s history was created by plenty of colorful characters.
Kelly Kazek | [email protected]
By Kelly Kazek
When I created this list, I tried to stick with more historical figures when dealing with violent crimes, to prevent highlighting any recent tragedies. However, political and business figures from any generation were fair game. Remember, while the word “notorious” often has negative connotations, the definition is broader: “generally known and talked of especially widely and unfavorably known.”
Who did I choose for your county? Do you agree, or would you have picked someone else? Let me know by emailing [email protected]
(Photos: Garden by Greg Richter of AL.com/Rice by stuthehistoryguy via FindaGrave.com)
W.C. Rice, religious folk artist, 1931-2004
William Carlton Rice was a legend in Alabama – and was posthumously featured in Time magazine – for his Cross Garden. The "garden" was a collection of folk art crosses and signs on his Prattville property that admonished passersby "Hell is Hot Hot Hot," "Jesus Saves" and "Repent." It also included messages about the evils of sex and other sins. Time Magazine wrote: "William C. Rice, who died in 2004, built this 'garden' as a testament to his salvation by Christ in the late 1970s. While frightening in its fervor, the collection is an example of folk art at its most primitive."
(From the book "Alabama Scoundrels")
Railroad Bill, legendary outlaw, ca. 1856-1896
The legend of Railroad Bill began in the winter of 1894 when railroad employees began noticing a vagrant illegally riding the trains on the L&N Railroad line in southern Alabama near the Florida line. Bill eluded them, hijacking a train car in the process. This incident initiated a manhunt after the railroad detectives gathered a posse and began tracking the man they were now calling Railroad Bill. In 1896 Railroad Bill met his demise in front of Ward’s General Store in Atmore.
(Wallace in 1957/AL.com File/The Birmingham News)
George Wallace, controversial Alabama governor, 1919-1998
George Corley Wallace Jr. was Alabama’s only four-term governor, having served from 1963-67, 1971-79, and 1983-87. He was also Alabama’s only “first gentleman” – his wife Lurleen Wallace was governor from 1967-68. Wallace is known for his pro-segregation stance in the 1960s, famously saying in his 1963 inaugural address he stood for "segregation now, segregation tomorrow, segregation forever." He is best known for his “Stand in the Schoolhouse Door” when he blocked the entrance to the University of Alabama in an attempt to stop the enrollment of black students. He was shot in a 1972 assassination attempt that left him in a wheelchair. He eventually renounced segregationism.
(Source: Jacque via FindaGrave.com)
Bart Thrasher, outlaw, ca. 1869-1896
Bart Thrasher was one of Alabama’s most notorious outlaws, one who helped Bibb County earn the moniker “Bloody Bibb” at a time when it was an extension of the Wild West. Following the 1890 death of Rube Burrow, Alabama’s previous “King of the Outlaws,” Thrasher stepped into the spotlight as the state’s most vicious and wanted outlaw, committing a streak of robberies and murders that made news across the nation. In 1896, Jefferson County Deputy Sheriff Henry Cole, a famous lawman, killed Thrasher.
(Retrospective article from The Tuscaloosa News, June 24, 1973)
Bill Wilson, wrongfully convicted man, ca. 1880-death unknown
When bones were discovered in spring of 1912 by a local farmer and his son fishing in the Warrior River, local resident Jim House remembered that Jenny Wade Wilson and her 19-month-old baby had not been seen since 1908. Wilson was convicted of murder. In 1915, Judge J.E. Blackwood sentenced Wilson to life in prison. Bill's ex-wife Jenny arrived in Blount County in July 1918 and announced she wasn't dead. She and her daughter, by then 11 years old, had been living in Vincennes, Ind., and had just heard of the trial. On July 8, 1918, Alabama Gov. Charles Henderson pardoned Wilson and he was released from jail. The remains were never identified.
Maj. Milton Butterfield, man buried beneath church, unknown birth-1864
Milton Butterfield, a major with the 24 th Alabama Infantry killed in Atlanta during the Civil War, is buried beneath Union Springs' Red Door Theatre, which occupies the ca.-1909 Trinity Episcopal Church. In addition, the major was erroneously credited as the man who wrote the bugle call played at military funerals, "Taps."
(Source: Murder by Gaslight)
Charles Kelley, birth unknown-1892 John Hipp, birth unknown-1892
On Dec. 17, 1892, two well-known outlaws gunned down local tax collector C.J. "Jacob" Armstrong. He was waylaid while collecting taxes and the bandits – Charles Kelley and John Hipp – stole the $2,000 heɽ collected. According to journalist Lee Peacock, a mob of about 100 people lynched Kelley and Hipp after their capture. Newspaper accounts said that on Dec. 28 or 29, a deputy at the jail where Kelley and Hip was surrounded by a mob and ordered to release the man. Then, "Hipp and Kelley were taken by a mob of 100 armed, masked men and lynched on the courthouse columns."
Nancy “Nannie” Hazel Doss, “black widow” killer, 1905- 1965
Nannie Doss, born in Blue Mountain in Calhoun County, died in an Oklahoma prison after being convicted of killing her husband Samuel Doss in 1953 in Oklahoma. She also reputedly killed three other husbands, two children, her mother, her two sisters, a grandson and a mother-in-law. She was known as The Giggling Granny and the Lonely Hearts Killer. Her crimes were committed in four states from the 1920s-1953.
Click here to read more.
(Source: Wikimedia Commons/Public Domain)
Pat Garrett, sheriff, 1850-1908
Pat Garrett is known as the man who killed outlaw Billy the Kid. As a cowboy in Texas in 1876, he killed a fellow buffalo hunter but was never prosecuted. He then fought for the right side of the law as sheriff of Lincoln County, N.M. A historic marker in his birthplace in Chambers County, Ala., says, in part: "Patrick Floyd Jarvis Garrett was born near Cusseta, Alabama on June 5, 1850 . In November 1880 Garrett was elected Lincoln County Sheriff. . Billy the Kid escaped from jail on April 18, 1881. Garrett tracked him to Fort Sumner on July 14 where he was shot and killed . Garrett was murdered by Jesse Wayne Brazel on February 29, 1908. He was buried in the Old Fellows Cemetery in Las Cruces, New Mexico."
William Anderson “Bell Tree” Smith, moonshiner, 1869-1908
Notorious moonshiner Bell Tree Smith was killed in front of a church filled with people in Centre, Ala., in 1908. An article in the Coosa River News at the time said he was killed by a man named Will Chandler, who used Smith's own gun against him, following a dispute of unknown origin. The article, quoted on his entry on FindaGrave.com, says: ""Bill" Smith, the dead man, was a unique character and was known throughout all of this section as "Bell-Tree" Smith. Standing alone in the annals of illicit liquer-selling, was his scheme for disposing of mountain dew. "
Bobby Frank Cherry, bomber, 1930-2004
Bobby Frank Cherry, born in Clanton, Ala., was a member of the Ku Klux Klan who was charged with murder in 2000, 37 years after a church bombing that killed four little girls. The bombing of the Sixteenth Street Baptist Church in Birmingham in 1963 took the lives of Carole Robertson, Cynthia Wesley, Addie Mae Collins and Denise McNair, and injured about 20 others. Cherry was convicted in 2002 and died in Atmore Community Hospital, where he was transferred from Holman Prison, in 2004.
(From the book "Alabama Scoundrels")
Bloody Bob Sims, outlaw, 1839-1891
Initially, Robert Bruce Sims, born in 1839, seemed an unlikely outlaw. A Confederate veteran, Sims returned home to resume farming in the Womack Hill community of Choctaw County and founded his own church. The sect would become known as "Simsites." After years of being terrorized by Sims and his followers, a posse and hundreds of outraged residents surrounded the Sims home on Christmas Eve 1891, cornering Sims, his wife, their children and several church members. Finally, on Christmas day, the sheriff took Sims and his followers into custody. But an angry mob took the four men and hung them from nearby trees. The woman were spared. Click here to read more.
Hal Hollinger, slave and freedom fighter, unknown birth-death in early-1800s
Hal was a slave of Col. Alex Hollinger, who was born in 1793 in Mobile. He escaped and formed a colony for escaped slaves in Clarke County in an area that became known as "Hal's Lake" or "Hal's Kingdom." According to the Clarke County Museum, sometime in the early 1800s, Hal, an "enormous" and strong slave, took his wife and several others to the southernmost portion of Clarke County. "Now, this place is very desolate, no one lived near there. It was overgrown with enormous trees and thick underbrush. … it was little wonder that the runaway slaves were not found. " Eventually white settlers attacked and were "stunned to find the cabin and a stockade of cypress logs." Hal and three other slaves were killed and the others recaptured.
Rena Teel, soothsayer, 1894-1964
Irene Amanda Vanzandt "Rena" Teel was known as the Seer of Millerville. Born in Rockford in Coosa County, Teel, a devout Christian, later moved to Millerville in Clay County and developed a reputation for helping people find misplaced objects or wayward livestock. The late Alabama author Kathryn Tucker Windham wrote about Teel in her book, "Alabama: One Big Front Porch," saying Teel was born with a caul, a membrane over her face that many people believed meant the child had a sixth sense. She did not go into trances but instead read the grounds left in the bottoms of coffee cups.
Charles Bannister, outlaw, unknown birth and death
Charles Bannister is referred to in a number of historical records as a "notorious outlaw" and a "whitecapper." Whitecapping was a movement in which white males formed secret societies to deliver vigilante justice that eventually targeted blacks. One article from 1894 said Bannister was wanted in Cleburne County for shooting off the leg of a "Mrs. Cotton," and brutally beating Old Man Cotton. Bannister was captured in 1894 and jailed in Birmingham. He broke out of the jail later in the year and was referred to in the Mountain Eagle newspaper as "a bad egg." The outcome of the case is unknown. If anyone has more information, email [email protected]
Alberta Martin, last Confederate widow (contested), 1906-2004
Alberta Stewart was 21 years old when she married 81-year-old Civil War veteran William Jasper Martin on Dec. 10, 1927. William Martin died in 1931 at the age of 86 and, as Alberta became known as the "last surviving Civil War widow" – a title later challenged by Maudie Hopkins. She died in 2004 at the age of 97 and was buried with much fanfare in New Ebenezer Cemetery in Coffee County.
(Source for photo of grave of Gassaway/TIW via FindaGrave.com)
William Reynolds, mass murderer, ca. 1867-1902
William "Will" Reynolds shot nine people, killing seven, in the bloodiest day for law enforcement in Alabama's history. Reynolds was shot and killed the same day. Reynolds opened fire and killed Colbert Sheriff Charles Gassaway, his brother, Deputy William Gassaway, Deputy Jesse Davis, Deputy James Payne, Deputy Pat A. Prout, Deputy Bob Wallace and Hugh Jones. Injured were James Finney and Bob Patterson. According to the National Law Enforcement Officers Memorial Fund website, the men "were shot and killed while attempting to arrest a suspect for a fraud offense. The suspect was eventually shot and killed after officers opened fire with more than 1,000 rounds."
(Grave of Allen Page by Melody via FindaGrave.com)
The Ward Brothers, outlaws, Irvin (1828-1859), Stephen (1834-1859)
The Ward brothers are buried in the Ward-Witherington Cemetery in Conecuh County. According to journalist Lee Peacock their story is included in "History of Conecuh County, Alabama" by B.F. Riley. The outlaw brothers were executed on Nov. 18, 1859, for murder: “Irvin and Stephen Ward were hung for the murder of Allen Page during a failed cotton wagon robbery near Brewer Creek in Conecuh County, Ala. A posse caught the brothers, who confessed." Peacock said legend states the brothers “were so despised that they were buried facing west instead of the traditional east when they were cut down from the gallows.”
(A late-19th century photo of John Kirkham from Barbara Kim Thigpen)
John K. McEwen, beloved businessman and “reader,” 1856-1939
John McEwen was born and died in Coosa County, and in between was a well-known businessman. For 35 years, he ran a mercantile that he built himself from local stone in the 1890s. McEwen was known for his uncanny "readings" of visitors to his store. He would guess their ages and vocations and was usually correct. McEwen's rock store was also known as an Indian museum and drew visitors from miles around. By the time he donated his collection to the Alabama Department of Archives and History in 1937, heɽ amassed more than 50,000 native artifacts from surrounding counties, including jewels from a long-dead Indian princess, according to a 1928 Associated Press article published in the Prescott, AZ, Evening Courier. Click here to read more.
(Source: Chicago Tribune, September, 1988)
H.T. Mathis, mayor of Florala, 1902-1996
In 1988, Hubert Mathis, the 85-year-old mayor of Florala was impeached and removed from office. Mathis, who had become known as the Voodoo Mayor after signing a proclamation proclaiming National Voodoo Week and allegedly sprinkling "voodoo powder" around City Hall, was impeached for pardoned more than 100 traffic offenders, including 27 charged with driving under the influence. Click here to read more.
(Photo of Ira Thompson from a 1928 edition of Collier's magazine entitled "The Whip Wins.")
Ira Thompson, exalted cyclops of KKK and attorney, 1889-1973
Ira Bowman Thompson was a distinguished Alabama attorney and politician who served in World Wars I and II. He also held the title of exalted cyclops in the Ku Klux Klan and was once charged with "flogging" people but the charges were dismissed. After WWII, Thompson opened a law practice in Luverne in Crenshaw County. According to the book "Politics, Society, and the Klan in Alabama, 1915-1949," he was among 36 suspected Klan members who were indicted for attacks on black and white residents in October 1927. Residents were lashed for such offenses as "loose talk and toting a hip flask," according to a 1928 article in Collier's magazine entitled "The Whip Wins." However, the case, was dismissed in December.
(Guy Hunt with his pardon in 1998/AP Photo/Montgomery Advertiser, Lloyd Gallman)
Guy Hunt, Alabama governor convicted and pardoned, 1933-2009
Guy Hunt, born in Holly Pond in Cullman County, was the state’s first Republican governor since the Reconstruction era. In 1992, he was indicted for theft, conspiracy, and ethics violations, accused of taking $200,000 from a 1987 inaugural account to buy such things as marble showers. He was convicted and resigned in 1993. After making restitution and serving a period of probation, he was pardoned by the Alabama Board of Pardons and Paroles in 1998.
(Source: ECJMartin1 via Wikimedia Commons)
Bill Sketoe, executed man, 1818-1864
Sketoe's Hole is a legendary site where Methodist minister William "Bill" Sketoe Sr. was hanged during the Civil War. Legends often say that he was hanged on trumped-up charges for deserting the Confederate army, although details vary. When he was hanged, his executioners dug a hole beneath his dangling feet to accommodate his height. For the next 125 years, people claimed the hole would always return no matter how many times it was filled. The tale was repeated in Kathryn Tucker Windham's "13 Alabama Ghosts and Jeffrey."
(Source: Wikimedia Commons)
George Washington Gayle, threatened to assassinate Lincoln, 1807-1875
George Washington Gayle, born in South Carolina in 1807, was an attorney who served in the Alabama Legislature, chaired the House Ways and Means Committee and was appointed U.S. Attorney for the Southern District of Alabama. In 1864, Gayle made headlines when he paid to publish an ad in The Selma Dispatch seeking funds in exchange for plotting the murders of Lincoln, Vice President Johnson and Secretary of State William Seward, the same three men who were targeted in John Wilkes Booth's assassination plot. Lincoln was assassinated four months later and Gayle was arrested in Alabama on May 25, 1865. Gayle claimed the ad was meant as but was convicted. In 1867, Gayle received a full pardon from Andrew Johnson.
Lithographers: Lehman and Duval (George Lehman Peter S. Duval)
Sequoya, creator of Cherokee alphabet, c. 1770-1843
Sequoyah, who lived in later life in DeKalb County, is known for inventing a syllabary in 1821, making it possible for the Cherokee to read and write. It was the first time a pre-literate group created such a system. However, Sequoyah's early life made it doubtful he would become so famous. According to the article "The Life and Work of Sequoyah," by John B. Davis, Sequoyah drank heavily and spent all his money on liquor. But he turned his life around and learned blacksmithing and silversmithing. At some point he moved to Alabama. In later life, he traveled Indian territories and had hopes of reuniting the Cherokee people. He died near the Texas-Mexico border.
(An Associated Press photo of Earle Dennison leaving the courtroom)
Earle Dennison, “black widow” killer, ca. 1898-1953
Earle Dennison, nicknamed the Aunt Killer, was executed in Alabama's electric chair in 1953 for the arsenic-poisoning death of her 2-year-old niece, Shirley Diann Weldon, for the insurance money. She was also accused of killing another niece, Shirley's older sister Polly. Dennison, born in Wetumpka, was convicted in 1952 and became the first white woman sentenced to die in Alabama's electric chair. Later, the parents of the two little girls sued the insurance companies, saying they should have been suspicious of Dennison's reasons for taking policies on the children without the family's knowledge. Learn more about old Alabama insurance laws and women who used arsenic in this article.
(Source: Old West Gunfighters)
John Wesley Hardin, Texas outlaw with Alabama in-laws, 1853-1895
On his twenty-first birthday on May 26, 1874, notorious Texas outlaw John Wesley "Wes" Hardin committed the crime that forced him to take an alias and go into hiding for three years, 18 months of which were spent in Escambia County, Ala.: he shot and killed Deputy Sheriff Charles Webb in Brown County. Born in 1853 to a circuit-riding preacher in Texas, Hardin would kill his first of an estimated twenty-seven men when he was fifteen years old, according to the book "Alabama Scoundrels: Outlaws, Pirates, Bandits and Bushwhackers." From late 1875 until the summer of 1877, Hardin's wife, Jane, and their children lived in Pollard, Alabama, with Jane's uncles, who were both lawmen, while Hardin used Pollard as a base and traveled to Mobile and Florida swindling people out of money at cards. He was shot in the back by an El Paso, Texas, lawman in 1895.
(Source: Boaz Public Library)
Walt Cagle, rural philosopher who could tell weather, 1891-1938
Walter Cagle was a large man who lived in an isolated area atop Sand Mountain and gained a reputation for being able to foretell the weather. His visits to the town of Boaz to purchase clothing and supplies always caused a stir among locals, who took it as a sign winter weather was approaching, according to a history provided by Lynn Burgess of the Boaz Library. The local history stated that Cagle’s weight gain began in 1917 after he suffered a strange fever, called a “sleeping sickness” by locals. The 6-foot, 2-inch man soon grew to more than 560 pounds, too large to handle his farm work. According to legend, he spent his time sitting and watching wild animals and could forecast the severity of winter based on their actions, such as how many nuts the squirrels were storing. Cagle died of a heart attack in 1938 and was buried in a 3-foot-wide casket in Thrasher Cemetery.
Roger Bannister runs first four-minute mile
In Oxford, England, 25-year-old medical student Roger Bannister cracks track and field’s most notorious barrier: the four-minute mile. Bannister, who was running for the Amateur Athletic Association against his alma mater, Oxford University, won the mile race with a time of 3 minutes and 59.4 seconds.
For years, so many athletes had tried and failed to run a mile in less than four minutes that people made it out to be a physical impossibility. The world record for a mile was 4 minutes and 1.3 seconds, set by Gunder Hagg of Sweden in 1945. Despite, or perhaps because of, the psychological mystique surrounding the four-minute barrier, several runners in the early 1950s dedicated themselves to being the first to cross into the three-minute zone.
Roger Bannister, born in Harrow, England, in 1929, was a top mile-runner while a student at the University of Oxford and at St. Mary’s Hospital Medical School in London. In 1951 and 1953, he won British championships in the mile run. As he prepared himself for his first competitive race of the 1954 season, Bannister researched the mechanics of running and trained using new scientific methods he developed. On May 6, 1954, he came to the Iffley Road track in Oxford for the annual match between the Amateur Athletic Association and Oxford University. Conditions were far from ideal it had been windy and raining. A considerable crosswind was blowing across the track as the mile race was set to begin.
REELZ Documentary Reveals Jimi Hendrix’s Death May Not Have Been an Accident
A new REELZ special reveals that the death of 60s music legend Jimi Hendrix may not have been an accident. Jimi Hendrix: A Perfect Murder? sits down with the emergency room doctor who treated the guitar hero after he was rushed to a London hospital on September 18, 1970.
“He was not breathing. We started pumping his chest to do cardiac massage and resuscitation. We tried to turn him over and he was very stiff and I think the rigor mortis had already settled in,” reports Dr. John Bannister, the attending physician St. Mary Abbots Hospital near London. “None of us knew that it was Jimi Hendrix.”
The singer and songwriter excited audiences in the 1960s with his outrageous electric guitar playing skills and his experimental sound in songs like Purple Haze and All Along the Watchtower. His performance at Woodstock, in 1969, cemented his place in rock ‘n’ roll history. But just over a year later Jimi Hendrix was pronounced dead. He was 27 years old.
The new documentary recounts the scene as the emergency team attempted to pump fluid out of Hendrix’s lungs as he lay on an ambulance gurney.
“I couldn’t understand how much red wine was in his lungs,” Dr. Bannister says. “It was more than just somebody drowning on a glass of red wine. It was at least two or three bottles of red wine.”
Fifty years later, the real cause of Jimi Hendrix’s death remains an open case to those who believe it was a criminal act. But was the late rock star drowned as part of a murder staged to look like an accident or a suicide?
The doc digs deep and uncovers the secret history of Jimi’s manager, Mike Jeffery, who was also an alleged British spy and explores the reason he was named as a suspect in Jimi Hendrix’s death. First-hand testimony and evidence also point to another person of interest in the murder of one of the world’s greatest rock stars.
There is much more mystery ahead in Jimi Hendrix: A Perfect Murder? on Saturday, September 19, at 8 ET/PT on REELZ.
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