Lord Mountbatten

Lord Mountbatten



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Louis of Battenberg, the great grandson of Queen Victoria, and second cousin of George V, was born in Windsor, England, on 25th June, 1900. His father, Prince Louis of Battenberg, had been born in Austria. As a result of the anti-German feelings in Britain during the First World War the family changed its name from Battenberg to Mountbatten.

Mountbatten was educated at Osborne and Dartmouth Royal Naval College (1913-16). He joined the Royal Navy and during the war he served on board Lion and Elizabeth.

Mountbatten remained in the Royal Navy and on the outbreak of the Second World War was captain of the destroyer Kelly. He saw action during the Norwegian campaign and the ship was sunk off Crete on 23rd May 1940 with the loss of 130 men.

Winston Churchill appointed Mountbatten head of Combined Operations Command on 27th October 1941. He launched a series of commando raids including the disastrous Dieppe Raid in August 1942. The decision by Churchill to promote Mountbatten to vice admiral, lieutenant general and air marshall ahead of older and more experienced men upset senior officers in the military establishment.

In October 1943 Churchill appointed Mountbatten as head of the Southeast Asia Command (SEAC). Working closely with General William Slim Mountbatten directed the liberation of Burma and Singapore.

In 1947 Clement Attlee selected Mountbatten as Viceroy of India and he oversaw the creation of the independent states of India and Pakistan.

Mountbatten returned to service at sea and as Fourth sea Lord was commander of the Mediterranean Fleet (1952-55). He was also First Sea Lord (1955-59) and Chief of Defence Staff (1959-65). Louis Mountbatten was murdered by an IRA bomb while sailing near his holiday home in County Sligo, Ireland, on 27th August, 1979.


Mountbatten's great grandmother was Queen Victoria, which makes him a second cousin to Queen Elizabeth. He was also Prince Philip's uncle, taking on a father figure role after Philip's family was exiled from Greece in the 1920s.

It was also Lord Mountbatten who introduced a 13-year-old Elizabeth to Prince Philip while the royals were on a tour of Dartmouth Royal Naval College. When Philip decided to marry Elizabeth, he needed to renounce his title as Prince of Greece and instead took his uncle's surname instead.

The pair enjoyed a close relationship, as did a young Prince Charles and Lord Mountbatten. Prince William and Kate Middleton called their youngest son Louis, supposedly after Philip's mentor.

Read more

22nd May 1979: Charles, Prince of Wales and Lord Louis Mountbatten (Louis, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma) (1900 -1979) cutting a ribbon to allow the public to enter Lord Mountbatten's home, Broadlands in Romsey, Hampshire. (Photo by Central Press/Getty Images)

Speaking about his death in 2015, Prince Charles said: "At the time, I could not imagine how we would come to terms with the anguish of such a deep loss since, for me, Lord Mountbatten represented the grandfather I never had. So it seemed as if the foundations of all that we held dear in life had been torn apart irreparably. Through this dreadful experience, though, I now understand in a profound way the agonies borne by so many others in these islands, of whatever faith, denomination or political tradition."


FBI files allege Lord Mountbatten, murdered by the IRA, was a pedophile

An FBI dossier on Mountbatten, released in 2019, thanks to a Freedom of Information request, reveals shocking information about the royal who was a mentor to his grand-nephew Prince Charles.

The 75-year-old intelligence files describe Louis Mountbatten, the 1st Earl of Burma, and his wife Edwina as "persons of extremely low morals" and contain information suggesting that Lord Mountbatten was a pedophile with "a perversion for young boys."

1922: Louis Francis Victor Albert Nicholas, Ist Earl Mountbatten Of Burma (1900 - 1979) on his wedding day to Edwina Cynthia Annette Ashley. (Photo by Hulton Archive/Getty Images)

American intelligence officers began compiling the dossier in 1944 after Mountbatten was named supreme allied commander of southeast Asia. They were obtained via an FOI request by British historian Andrew Lownie, whose book, The Mountbattens: Their Lives & Loves, will be published on August 22.

When the Baroness Decies, Elizabeth de la Poer Beresford, was being interviewed by the FBI about another topic, she raised concerns about Lord Mountbatten.

The file reads: "She states that in these circles Lord Louis Mountbatten and his wife are considered persons of extremely low morals.

"She stated that Lord Louis Mountbatten was known to be a homosexual with a perversion for young boys.

"In Lady Decies' opinion he is an unfit man to direct any sort of military operations because of this condition. She stated further that his wife Lady Mountbatten was considered equally erratic.'

The interview was signed "EE Conroy", head of the New York field office, who wrote that she "appears to have no special motive in making the above statements."

Lownie's book also includes an interview with Anthony Daly, work worked as a rent boy for London's rich and famous during the 1970s. Daly claims that "Mountbatten had something of a fetish for uniforms — handsome young men in military uniforms (with high boots) and beautiful boys in school uniform."

28th March 1947: Lord Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900-1979), takes the salute from the Governor General's bodyguard at Viceroy House in New Delhi, as he takes up his position as Viceroy of India. (Photo by Keystone/Getty Images)

Newsweek has speculated whether television series The Crown, which hasn't shied away from addressing royal scandals and rumors in the past, will broach the question of Lord Mountbatten's friendship with the DJ Jimmy Savile. Hundreds of accusations of predatory and pedophilic sexual abuse against Savile were investigated following his death in 2011:

"It's not clear whether The Crown will ever address Mountbatten's friendship with Savile, sometimes linked to the investigation of Kincora Boys' Home in Ireland, a school that many believe housed a pedophilia ring for powerful British men. The show has certainly fictionalized rumors regarding the royal family, but even hinting that Mountbatten (or Charles) knew his buddy Savile had dark intentions would be a daring—perhaps even damning—move."

Mountbatten holidayed every summer at Classiebawn Castle on Mullaghmore Harbor in County Sligo. On August 27, 1979, he was killed in a bomb attack carried out by the IRA.

22nd May 1979: Charles, Prince of Wales and Lord Louis Mountbatten (Louis, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma) (1900 -1979) cutting a ribbon to allow the public to enter Lord Mountbatten's home, Broadlands in Romsey, Hampshire. (Photo by Central Press/Getty Images)

He had, along with family and friends, embarked on a lobster-potting and angling expedition when a bomb on board was detonated just a few hundred yards from the harbor.

He died of his injuries, along with his grandson Nicholas Knatchbull (14), local boy Paul Maxwell (15), who was helping on the boat, and Lady Brabourne (83), his eldest daughter’s mother-in-law.

Prince Charles, who described Lord Mountbatten as "the grandfather I never had," visited the site of his assassination in 2015.

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ABOVE & BELOW: Scenes from the aftermath of the explosion at Mullaghmore that killed Mountbatten,

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Patricia wtote in her diary - "I only remember terrific explosion (and thinking it was the engine which had been playing up) and immediately being submerged and going down and down in sea with water rushing in ears. Frightened I would not get up before drowning (forgot it was shallow) or get caught beneath hull. Remembered Darling Daddy's story of Kelly sinking." The force of the explosion also killed The Hon. Nicholas "Nicky" Knatchbull (aged 14yrs), Paul Maxwell (aged 15yrs), Doreen "Dodo", The Dowager Lady Brabourne (aged 83yrs), but mercifully Mountbatten&rsquos daughter Patricia and her husband John, 7th Lord Brabourne survived, despite sustaining severe injuries which Patricia suffered the effects until her own death in 2017.

The pointless and futile murder of 2 elderly people and 2 young teenagers achieved nothing - despite the IRA&rsquos protestations.

On the same day as the explosion in Mullaghmore, the IRA ambushed and killed 18 British soldiers at Warrenpoint, Co. Down and 4 Army bandsmen were also killed in Brussels, Belgium as they set up to perform at a public concert.


Role of Mountbatten in the Partitioning of India

Immediately after his arrival on 24th March, Lord Mountbatten started discussions with Indian political leaders.

A man with grasp, forecast and understanding he analyzed the complexity of the political situation of India. He tried to work out a political solution of the problem.

Mountbatten became extremely hurry to come to a conclusion that partition of India was inevitable. Gifted with high imagination, sharp intellect he started his drive in this regard.

Son of the British royal family (son of Queen Victoria’s grand-daughter) an able sailor-soldier Mountbatten knew the art of dealing with the political leaders of India in a dignified way.

image source: donnamoderna.com/var/ezflow_site/storage/images/media/images/attualita/tempo-libero/libri/dominique-lapierre-india-mon-amour/gandhi-e-il-vicere-inglese-lord-mountbatten/11110351-1-ita-IT/Gandhi-e-il-vicere-inglese-Lord-Mountbatten.jpg

In a diplomatic way he also tried to make himself very popular among Indians. As the last British Viceroy Mountbatten enjoyed enough freedom to solve the problems without interference from home. Since the time was very short at his disposal he wanted to prepare for the transfer of power without wasting time.

He held free and frank discussions with Sardar Patel, Maulana Azad, Jawaharlal Nehru, Gandhiji and other prominent leaders. He had talks with the members of the League. With the objectives to persuade the Congress and the League for an acceptable plan, to end the British ion with the Indian princes, to work out the withdrawal of the British and to try to keep India in the Common Wealth of Nations he worked very sincerely. Time was favourable for him. India was passing through a moment of terrible crisis of Communal War. Brutality and human sacrifice had reached beyond limit.

Under this circumstance Sardar Patel agreed to the proposal of Mountbatten because he was convinced that it was not possible to work with the Muslim League. Patel’s argument influenced Jawaharlal. Jawaharlal was also own over by Mountbatten. Gandhiji was vehemently opposed to the partition proposal.

He said “If the Congress wishes to accept partition it will be over my dead-body. So long I am alive I will never agree to the partition of India. Nor will I if I can help it allow Congress to accept it.” But ultimately he changed his opinion and with a deep sense of sorrow accepted Mountbatten’s suggestion. The bitter experience of working with the Muslim League, the total breakdown of administration and Jinnah’s uncompromising attitude on the issue of partition influenced mostly the Congress to accept the partition.

After holding discussions with the Congress and the League members Lord Mountbatten announced the plan on 3rd June, 1947. On the same day the British Prime Minister announced the partition plan in the House of Commons.

The next day the Viceroy in a Press Conference announced the probable date (15th August) for the transfer of power on the following points:

1. If the people of the Muslim majority areas so desire they would be allowed to form a separate dominion. A new Constituent Assembly would be constituted for that purpose.

2. In case there is partition, there will be a partition of Bengal and the Punjab if the representatives of the non-Muslim majority districts of the two provincial Legislative Assemblies so desire.

3. The Legislative Assembly of Sind would decide as to whether its constitution should be framed by the existing or a new and separate Constituent Assembly.

4. “In view of its special position” a referendum would be taken in the North-West Frontier Province to ascertain whether it would join Pakistan or remain in India.

5. In case of partition of Bengal there will be a referendum in the district of Sylhet (Assam) to ascertain whether the people would join the new province of East Bengal.

6. In case of partition of the Punjab and Bengal a Boundary Commission will be set up to demarcate the exact boundary line.

7. Legislation would be introduced in the current session of the parliament “for a transfer of power in 1947 on Dominion status basis to one or two successor authorities according to the decision taken under the plan. This will be without prejudice to the right of the Constituent Assemblies to decide in due course whether the parts of India which they represent will remain within the British Commonwealth.

The congress accepted the plan with some objections. Jawaharlal Nehru in his broadcast speech commended the Mountbatten proposal. He said “For generations we have dreamt and struggled for a full independent and united India.

The proposal to allow certain parts secedes if they so will, is painful for any of us to contemplate. Nevertheless I am convinced that our present decision is the right one even from the larger view point.” The Hindu Mahasabha also opposed the partition of India but all such oppositions did not have any effect on the Government policy.

Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan, his brother Dr. Khan Saheb, the Chief Minister of North-West Frontier Province and other Red shirt leaders strongly opposed the decision of the Congress to accept the partition. The Khan Brother’s argued that if at all there was a plebiscite, the pathans of the Frontier should have also the right to opt for Pakhtoonistan. Immediately Jinnah shouted against this proposal of Frontier Gandhi (Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan). The British Government also turned down the demand. The Red Shirt then boycotted the referendum.

In the plebiscite East Bengal, the West Punjab, Sind and Baluchistan opted for Pakistan. West Bengal and the East Punjab voted for joining India. In July the Indian Independence Bill was introduced in the British Parliament and was passed without any objection from any quarter.

As the day of Independence was getting nearer the Congress High Command and the Interim Government faced a stupendous problem from the side of the Indian States. Several of the Indian princes had the idea that after the end of the British rule their states would become independent kingdoms. At the same-time Winston Churchill was very much hopeful to see India divided into three parts — Hindustan, Pakistan and Princestan.

He thought of the independence of some princely states like Hyderabad, Kashmir, Bhopal, Bikaner, Jodhpur, Indore, and Travancore etc. which will remain as British pockets in India. The Congress High Command had to proceed to decide the fate of 565 princely states very quickly. Under its pressure, Mountbatten closed the British Political Department in India which was in charge of these states.

Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was asked by the Interim Government to head the newly created States Department. Patel asked the princes to forget their demands for independent existence. He declared “The India States will bear in mind that the alternative to co-operation in the general interest in anarchy and chaos which will overwhelm great and small in a common ruin.” Advised by Nehru Mountbatten summoned a meeting of the Chamber of Princes on 25th July, 1947 only 20 days before the declaration of Independence. The fearful princes one by one came up to join the Indian union before 15th August.


Paedophile

In was last year that an FBI dossier on Mountbatten revealed that the Americans had deep reservations and distaste for his Lordship. The file states that both he and his wife Edwina were “persons of extremely low morals” and that Mountbatten was a paedophile with “a perversion for young boys.”

Rupert Murdoch’s Times attempted to pass off Mountbatten’s paedophilia as merely “Lust for Young Men”. This claim not only conflates his proclivities for children with homosexuality, but it continues the media’s age-old complicity in prominent cases of child abuse. They described the Lord as a “sexually voracious man whose bisexuality became a theme of US intelligence files.”

The dossier, however, is explicit in naming his preference as “boys”.

The dossier was released under a freedom of information request and compiled in 1944 after Mountbatten was named supreme allied commander of southeast Asia. It featured comments from Baroness Decies, Elizabeth de la Poer Beresford.

Baroness Decies stated that Mountbatten was “known to be a homosexual with a perversion for young boys” and was “an unfit man to direct any sort of military operations because of this condition. She stated further that his wife, Lady Mountbatten, was considered equally erratic.” EE Conroy, head of the New York FBI field office, added in the file that she “appears to have no special motive in making the above statements.” The comments from the Baroness show that the behaviour of the Mountbattens was an open secret within elite British circles for some considerable time. While the FBI, who had absurdly feared that Mountbatten was a Marxist, had little interest once his loyalty to the West was assured.

Mountbatten’s preference for boys, as opposed to men, was confirmed by his driver during the war, Norman Nield. Speaking with New Zealand truth, Nield admitted that he transported young boys aged 8 to 12 to his commander and was paid to keep quiet.

Historian Andrew Lownie, whose book, The Mountbattens: Their Lives & Loves exposed much of the scandal, conducted an interview with Anthony Daly who was a sex worker for London’s rich and famous during the 1970s. Daly revealed that “Mountbatten had something of a fetish for uniforms — handsome young men in military uniforms (with high boots) and beautiful boys in school uniform.” A 2018 interview with Daly reveals that his other clients included the spy Anthony Blunt who is said to have asked him if he was a graduate of Kincora, the notorious children’s home in Belfast where boys were sexually and physically abused by staff and prominent men in society.

Both Mountbatten and Blunt were known to each other and the writer Robin Bryans alleges in the Irish magazine Now that both Mountbatten and Blunt were both part of a paedophile ring that procured boys from schools and children’s homes in Northern Ireland. These locations include the Portora School in Enniskillen and Kincora. Several former victims of the Kincora Scandal have alleged that they were trafficked to Mountbatten at his home in Mullaghmore, County Sligo.

Lownie’s book features an interview with one of Mountbatten’s victims, a 16-year-old named only as “Amal”.

“He was very polite, very nice. I knew he was someone important. He asked if I wanted a drink or candy. He told me he liked dark-skinned people, especially Sri Lankan people as they were very friendly and very good-looking. I remember he admired my smooth skin. We gave each other oral sex in a 69 position. He was very tender and I felt comfortable about it. It seemed very natural. I know that several other boys from Kincora were brought to him on other occasions”

Amal

The claims of a “VIP Anglo-Irish Vice Ring” were further explored by Village Magazine in Ireland and collected by Joseph de Burca into an online book earlier this year.

The book details how the British establishment continues to cover up the crimes of both the network and Lord Mountbatten, with some of the other abusers still being alive today. The series highlights the links between far-right loyalist William McGrath, housemaster at Kincora and prominent politicians and personalities in England such as Blunt, Sir Knox Cunningham, Parliamentary Private Secretary to Harold Macmillan, Peter Montgomery, the Deputy Lord Lieutenant of Tyrone and both Mountbatten himself and his assistant Peter Murphy.

Another of Mountbatten’s known associates was the Labour MP Tom Driberg. Driberg was appointed an unofficial temporary special adviser to his Lordship while in Burma during the war and “coincidentally” was another client of Anthony Daly. Like Blunt, he was a spy for the KGB and associate of Guy Burgess of the Cambridge Five fame.

Mountbatten and his crimes failed to become widespread public knowledge thanks to the activities of MI5. Many of those involved in Northern Ireland being operatives, informants and open to blackmail by a security service whose commitment to maintaining British superiority eclipsed any nods to morality.

After his treason was exposed in 1963, Blunt agreed to now turn again. He made a confession of everything he knew in exchange for immunity and a cover-up of his crimes. His secrets not only exposed his activities with the KGB but what he knew of illicit activities amongst his friends and acquaintances in Northern Ireland. MI5 were in dreamland and realised that there was an opportunity not only for blackmail, but to keep their allies sweet with regular access to children.

While Blunt’s treason was covered-up to the public at large, there can be little doubt that a man as positioned as Mountbatten would have been fully aware of his actions. The “national hero” was seemingly willing to put aside any feelings of loyalty where his urges were concerned. However, these associations would be far from the only indications that his loyalties lay only with himself rather than his nation.


How was Lord Mountbatten related to the Royal Family?

Lord Louis Mountbatten was Prince Philip&rsquos maternal uncle, as the brother of Philip&rsquos mother Princess Alice of Greece and Denmark.

Alice and Louis were members of the Battenberg family, who changed their Germanic surname during World War One to Mountbatten.

Although Philip was born a Prince of Greece and Denmark in his own right, to marry the future Queen Elizabeth II he had to renounce his own titles and adopt a surname as a British citizen.

Related articles

The Royal Family Tree (Image: EXPRESS)

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Philip subsequently took on the surname of his mother&rsquos family, and became Philip Mountbatten.

Titled members of the Royal Family don&rsquot need to use surnames, but in cases where they do, the Queen and Prince Philip&rsquos children often use the surname Mountbatten-Windsor.

Through his mother&rsquos family line, Lord Mountbatten was also related to Queen Elizabeth II.

Lord Mountbatten&rsquos mother Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine was Queen Victoria&rsquos granddaughter.

Lord Mountbatten family tree: Prince Charles visited the site of Lord Mountbatten's death in 2015 (Image: GETTY)

As a result Lord Mountbatten was Queen Victoria&rsquos great-grandson, while the current Queen Elizabeth II is Queen Victoria&rsquos great-great-granddaughter.

The Queen and Lord Mountbatten were therefore second cousins, once removed.

As Prince Philip&rsquos uncle, Lord Mountbatten was also Prince Charles&rsquo great-uncle.

Lovingly known as &lsquoUncle Dickie&rsquo, Charles and Louis were known to have a close relationship.

Lord Mountbatten was killed in 1979, when the IRA blew up his fishing boat Shadow V off the coast of County Sligo, Ireland.

Related articles

Two of Lord Mountbatten&rsquos relatives and a local boy were also killed during the explosion.

In the years since Lord Mountbatten&rsquos death, Charles has spoken about how big a role Louis played in his life.

Visiting the site of Lord Mountbatten&rsquos death in 2015, Charles said: &ldquoI could not imagine how we would come to terms with the anguish of such a deep loss since, for me, Lord Mountbatten represented the grandfather I never had.&rdquo

The Queen was also said to be &ldquodeeply shocked&rdquo by the death of her elder cousin in the attack.

The high regard the Royal Family had for Lord Mountbatten is still visible today, with the Duke and Duchess of Cambridge believed to have named their youngest son Prince Louis after him.


Did Lord Mountbatten Really Lead a Coup to Overthrow Harold Wilson's Government?

The true story is less black-and-white than what Peter Morgan depicts in The Crown.

The Crown's showrunner Peter Morgan can always be counted upon to dig up stories that the royals would rather keep quiet, and with the show's third season came another round of bombshells. Perhaps the most surprising&mdasheven above the Queen's curator's work as a Soviet spy, or Prince Charles's correspondence with the Duke of Windsor&mdashwas Lord Mountbatten's storyline in episode five, aptly titled "Coup."

According to the show, shortly after Mountbatten's forced retirement, he was approached by a group plotting to unseat Prime Minister Harold Wilson. The Crown's Mountbatten warms quickly to the proposal&mdashparticularly to the idea of installing himself in 10 Downing Street.

The real story, however, is much less black-and-white. "Well, I think [Mountbatten] took it more seriously than he later claimed, and there was a bit of a cover-up, but I find it hard to think that he would have gone much further," Andrew Lownie, author of The Mountbattens: Their Lives and Loves, told Town & Country. (The cover-up would come later, in 1975, when Hugh Cudlipp included a meeting with Mountbatten and others on the matter in his memoirs. Naturally, this caused a stir, and Mountbatten did his best to quell suspicions surrounding these revelations.)

Still, "he did suggest people who could be involved in this government of international unity," Lownie added. "I wouldn't say it was a coup, but he was concerned about the way the country was going and he put forward suggestions, so he was trying to be as helpful as possible."

The truth is likely somewhere between Mountbatten's complete innocence and The Crown's version of events. "Whether he would have eventually agreed to be head of it, I think is very unlikely, because his loyalties were to the Queen," Lownie explained. "But he certainly explored it more than I think people realized."

And that tense meeting between Mountbatten and the Queen in The Crown? Some claim that may very well have taken place. In Indian Summer: The Secret History of the End of an Empire, historian Alex von Tunzelmann cites a source from Buckingham Palace, who reportedly said, "It was not Solly Zuckerman who talked Mountbatten out of staging a coup and making himself president of Britain. It was the Queen herself."

In The Mountbattens, though, Lownie lets readers draw their own conclusions from the limited&mdashand contradictory&mdashevidence available. As with many events that inspired The Crown's historical fiction, the real story is hard to nail down.


A Slice of Royal History Is for Sale as Mountbatten Treasures Go Up for Auction

The collection of 350 items includes everything from jewelry and furniture to paintings and books.

When it comes to dynasties, you don&rsquot get much more quintessential than the Mountbattens. The family links go right to the heart of the current British royal family (Mountbatten-Windsor is, of course, the surname of the Queen&rsquos descendants) with a bloodline that can be traced back to both Queen Victoria and the last Tsarina of Russia.

So when Sotheby's London auction house opens its sale of property from the collection of the 2nd Countess Mountbatten of Burma, Patricia Mountbatten, an extraordinary slice of society history will be going under the hammer. Some 350 lots will be auctioned on March 24, with items including jewelry, furniture, paintings, sculpture, and books. Honoring the wishes of the late Countess Mountbatten and her late husband, 7th Baron Brabourne, the auction features items that once belonged in their eighteenth-century Kent home, Newhouse. With lot estimates ranging from £80 to £100,000, the sale is expected to total at least £1.5 million.

&ldquoOne of the really exciting things about this sale is that it&rsquos so personal,&rdquo says the auction&rsquos Head of Sale David Macdonald. &ldquoHer life was extraordinary.&rdquo The auction house highlights how Patricia had an unconventional upbringing, including weekend parties with King Edward VIII and Wallis Simpson at her parents&rsquo estate in Hampshire. She was also evacuated to the U.S. during World War II to stay with Mrs. Cornelius Vanderbilt III in her Fifth Avenue apartment in New York.

Describing the sale as having a &ldquolovely combination of a heady mix of history and glamour and an iconic figure,&rdquo David added that the pieces have &ldquothis sense of history, whether that&rsquos implied obviously or whether we don&rsquot know the full story or the full meaning.&rdquo

Standout items include a bracelet which was given to Patricia for her 21st birthday and reflected her membership in the 1st Buckingham Palace Company of Girl Guides, which was set up in 1937 to allow the 11-year-old Princess Elizabeth to become a Girl Guide. (The Girl Guides are somewhat akin to the Girl Scouts in the U.S.)

&ldquoShe was the leader of the pack,&rdquo Macdonald says of Patricia Mountbatten. &ldquoHer father had a gold bracelet made for her with all the badges that she won in enamel on it, which is really lovely.&rdquo Patricia&rsquos father Louis, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma, was a confidant to both Prince Philip and Prince Charles the Queen, then Princess Elizabeth, and her sister Princess Margaret were both bridesmaids at Patricia&rsquos 1946 wedding in Romsey Abbey, Hampshire.

Other notable items for sale include a jewel known as The Banks Diamond, which dates back to the late 18th century, and has a value estimated at £40,000 - £60,000. The brooch incorporates a central cushion-shaped yellow diamond, named for the piece's previous owner, explorer and botanist Sir Joseph Banks. It was passed down through Countess Mountbatten&rsquos husband&rsquos family, but the sale contains a number of jewels worn by Patricia&rsquos mother, Edwina Mountbatten, who was known for her sophistication and glamour.

&ldquoHer mother was very glamorous and would be photographed wearing great jewels,&rdquo says Macdonald. &ldquoEdwina would travel with her jewel cases and she would say that she never knew where she might have to attend something that was a big state occasion.&rdquo One set, described as "Tutti Frutti" style jewels includes a necklace, earrings, dress clips and a ring of carved rubies, emeralds and sapphires expected to fetch between £40,000 to £60,000.

Also for sale is a pair of jeweled gold and enamel elephants which were a 20th wedding anniversary gift to Lord Mountbatten and Edwina, a pig-shaped gold mesh purse and a bracelet containing a painting of an infant Prince Albert.


'The Crown': Lord Mountbatten's Death at the Hands of the IRA Was a Dark Chapter for the Monarchy

The opening chapter of The Crown's fourth season finds the royal family under siege from the IRA, with the nervous climax of the episode focusing on the assassination of Lord Louis "Dickie" Mountbatten.

The episode recreates the August 1979 day on which Lord Mountbatten took a boat out lobster-potting and tuna fishing with his daughter, son-in-law and two twin grandsons, as well as several other family members and a young crew member. Unbeknownst to the group, IRA member Thomas McMahon had left a radio-controlled bomb on the unguarded boat the previous evening which was then detonated when the ship was out at sea.

The episode cuts between the scene on the boat, Charles fishing alone, Philip shooting on his own and the Queen with a small group deerstalking at Balmoral, before showing us the explosion of Lord Mountbatten's fishing boat in County Sligo, Ireland.

In 'Clear Blue Sky: Surviving the Mountbatten Bomb', a book by Mountbatten's grandson Timothy Knatchbull who survived the blast which killed his twin brother, he recounts the ordinariness of the day on which, "The sun was warm, and the sea flat and calm. We were enjoying ourselves like countless other families that morning. My grandfather was at the helm, looking very content. He was never happier than when mucking about in a boat."

Knatchbull goes on to write that, "A few minutes later Paul, Nick and my grandfather lay dead in the water. A bomb had detonated under their feet. The wooden boat had disintegrated into matchwood which now littered the surface, and a few big chunks which went straight to the seabed."

The IRA swiftly claimed responsibility for the attack as well as for the 18 British soldiers killed after a bomb went off in a coordinated attack 100 miles away. The statement the IRA released noted that: "The death of Mountbatten and the tributes paid to him will be seen in sharp contrast to the apathy of the British Government and the English people to the deaths of over three hundred British soldiers, and the deaths of Irish men, women, and children at the hands of their forces."

Lord Mountbatten was a particularly effective target for the IRA as a member of the royal family who owned a summer home in the Irish seaside village of Classiebawn Castle in Mullaghmore, an estate which the IRA felt amounted to stolen property.

As with much of the history which The Crown turns its focus to, the assassination is grounded in fact but has some colouring between the lines as to how the royal family emotionally responded to the tragic incident in 1979.

Peter Morgan's series highlights the emotional fallout of the incident, which in real life was a dark chapter for the monarchy. In a letter to a friend Prince Philip called his uncle's death a "senseless act of terrorism" while also expressing his hope that the violence of that day would cause the IRA to have a change of heart. Speaking at the funeral, at the request of his great uncle, Prince Charles passionately referred to Lord Mountbatten's killer McMahon as "the kind of subhuman extremist that blows people up when he feels like it."

The killing of Lord Mountbatten represented a pointed attack on the monarchy which continued as the Queen remained a prime target of the IRA. Following the assassination Sinn Féin President Gerry Adams Sinn Féin said that the IRA achieved their objective in that "people started paying attention to what was happening in Ireland." Despite their comments, for many senior figures in the IRA the incident seemed to cross a line in that killing of innocent children on the boat constituted a "war crime", with Irish Times reporter Olivia O'Leary noting that, "Almost everybody spoke with regret and shame about what had happened to Mountbatten".

The dramatisation of Mountbatten's death in The Crown is bookmarked by his penning a letter to Prince Charles warning him of the perilous situation his affection for Camilla Parker-Bowles is putting him in, telling him that he is,"not working hard enough to reach and to rise". Though the letter appears to be fictional, Mountbatten did in fact pen a letter to Charles remonstrating with him for his perceived similarities to Edward VIII after Charles was careless about how his plans would impact the household staff, saying, "you&rsquore becoming just like your great-uncle".

In The Crown, the letter that Charles is given after learning of the death of his "honorary grandfather" is presented to us as a nudge toward him settling down, something we then see play out in his asking out Diana. While it may not have been explicitly put on paper before his death, Lord Mountbatten had long advised Charles of the need to find a suitable partner and sought to stop him from marrying Camilla. As such the letter feels more like a dramatic symbol, but one which is grounded in how Charles's great uncle felt.

The dramatic opening episode sets the tone for this next era of The Crown, one in which Charles's turbulent relationship with Diana sets the royal family on a doomed path. The Troubles and the violence surrounding the IRA also mirrors the unrest that the arrival of Margaret Thatcher brings to the country, setting the stage for the dark times we are walking into.

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Watch the video: Lord Mountbatten interview. Today Thames Television 1969